David S. Levine

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The objective of the present study was to determine whether abnormal epithelial DNA content (aneuploidy) in colonic biopsy specimens from ulcerative colitis (UC) patients correlated with and predicted histological progression to dysplasia. Aneuploidy was absent in 20 low-cancer risk patients. In 81 high-cancer risk patients aneuploidy correlated(More)
Increased 4N (G2/tetraploid) cell populations have been postulated to be genetically unstable intermediates in the progression to many cancers, but the mechanism by which they develop and their relationship to instability have been difficult to investigate in humans in vivo. Barrett's esophagus is an excellent model system in which to investigate the order(More)
To determine whether or not flow-cytometric evidence of aneuploidy and increased G2/tetraploid fractions predispose to neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus, 62 patients with Barrett's esophagus were evaluated prospectively for a mean interval of 34 months. Nine of 13 patients who showed aneuploid or increased G2/tetraploid populations in their(More)
Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis of distal tibial fractures is technically feasible and may be advantageous in that it minimizes soft tissue compromise and devascularization of the fracture fragments. The technique involves open reduction and internal fixation of the associated fibular fracture when present, followed by temporary external fixation of(More)
BACKGROUND The increased risk for esophageal adenocarcinoma associated with long-segment (> or =3 cm) Barrett esophagus is well recognized. Recent studies suggest that short-segment (<3 cm) Barrett esophagus is substantially more common; however, the risk for neoplastic progression in patients with this disorder is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal proliferation in Barrett's esophagus may predispose to the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma, but previous studies have not determined the specific cell cycle abnormalities that were associated with neoplastic progression. METHODS Ki67/DNA content multiparameter flow cytometry and DNA content flow cytometry were used to(More)
OBJECTIVE Colonoscopic biopsy surveillance to detect dysplasia, defined as a neoplastic change of the epithelium without invasion into the lamina propria, in patients with ulcerative colitis has become a widespread practice. We undertook a survey study to determine physicians' perceptions of, and approaches to, dysplasia surveillance colonoscopy in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Allelic losses of chromosome 17p and overexpression of p53 protein have been reported in Barrett's adenocarcinomas. This study aimed to determine the stage in which p53 mutations arise in neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus and their relationship to the clonal evolution of cancer. METHODS Fourteen patients with high-grade(More)
The hypothesis that SRUS and localized CCP are analogous syndromes is supported by the similarities in clinical presentation and biopsy pathology of patients with these conditions. The theory that rectal mucosal prolapse causes SRUS and localized CCP is strengthened by the observation of like pathology in other clinical situations and various animal models(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) has been suggested as a risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer in ulcerative colitis (UC); however, previous studies of this association have been limited by small numbers of patients with PSC or have been performed retrospectively. This study prospectively evaluates the risk and natural(More)