David S. Letham

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In excised pith parenchyma from Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Wisconsin Havana 38, auxin (naphthalene-1-acetic acid) together with cytokinin (6-benzylaminopurine) induced a greater than 40-fold increase in a p34cdc2-like protein, recoverable in the p13suc1-binding fraction, that had high H1 histone kinase activity, but enzyme induced without cytokinin was(More)
The aerial architecture of flowering plants is determined to a large extent by shoot growth and shoot branching arising from the initiation and growth of axillary meristems. We have identified an Arabidopsis mutant, supershoot (sps), which is characterized by a massive overproliferation of shoots, such that a single plant can generate 500 or more(More)
When [(3)H]dihydrozeatin riboside and [(3)H]zeatin riboside were supplied to soybean (Glycine max L.) explants (comprising one leaf, associated pods, and subtending stem) via the xylem at mid to late podfill, 0.1% of the supplied (3)H was extracted from the seeds. The distribution of (3)H in the explants was similar to that bound previously following uptake(More)
The ipt gene from the T-DNA of Agrobacterium tumefaciens was transferred to tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in order to study the control which auxin appears to exert over levels of cytokinin generated by expression of this gene. The transgenic tissues contained elevated levels of cytokinins, exhibited cytokinin and auxin autonomy and grew as shooty calli on(More)
Cytokinins (CKs) coming from the roots via the xylem are known to delay leaf senescence, and their decline may be important in the senescence of soybean (Glycine max) plants during pod development (monocarpic senescence). Therefore, using radioimmunoassay of highly purified CKs, we quantified the zeatin (Z), zeatin riboside (ZR), the dihydro derivatives(More)
The cross-reactivity of antibodies elicited in rabbits against zeatin riboside, to a wide range of naturally occurring cytokinins, was examined. As well as to zeatin riboside, the antisera cross-reacted to a considerable extent with zeatin, lupinic acid, zeatin-9-glucoside, zeatin riboside 5'-monophosphate and to a much lesser, but measurable extent, with(More)
High specific activity [3H]indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was applied directly to root nodules of intact pea plants. After 24 h, radioactivity was detected in all plant tissues. In nodule and root tissue, only 2–3% of3H remained as IAA, and analysis by thin layer chromatography suggested that indole-3-acetyl-L-aspartic acid (IAAsp) was a major metabolite. The(More)
High specific activity [(3)H]indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was applied to the apical bud of intact pea (Pisum sativum L. cv Greenfeast) plants. Radioactivity was detected in all tissues after 24 hours. More radioactivity accumulated in the nodules than in the parent root on a fresh weight basis and more in effective (nitrogen-fixing) nodules than in(More)