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TNF and Fas ligand induce apoptosis in tumor cells; however, their severe toxicity toward normal tissues hampers their application to cancer therapy. Apo2 ligand (Apo2L, or TRAIL) is a related molecule that triggers tumor cell apoptosis. Apo2L mRNA is expressed in many tissues, suggesting that the ligand may be nontoxic to normal cells. To investigate(More)
Wnt family members are critical to many developmental processes, and components of the Wnt signaling pathway have been linked to tumorigenesis in familial and sporadic colon carcinomas. Here we report the identification of two genes, WISP-1 and WISP-2, that are up-regulated in the mouse mammary epithelial cell line C57MG transformed by Wnt-1, but not by(More)
Fas ligand (FasL) is produced by activated T cells and natural killer cells and it induces apoptosis (programmed cell death) in target cells through the death receptor Fas/Apol/CD95. One important role of FasL and Fas is to mediate immune-cytotoxic killing of cells that are potentially harmful to the organism, such as virus-infected or tumour cells. Here we(More)
A cDNA clone for the serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin), neuroserpin, was isolated from a human whole brain cDNA library, and recombinant protein was expressed in insect cells. The purified protein is an efficient inhibitor of tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA), having an apparent second-order rate constant of 6. 2 x 10(5) M-1 s-1 for the two-chain(More)
During wound healing, migrating cells increase expression of both the vitronectin receptor (VNR) integrins and plasminogen activators. Here we report that vitronectin significantly enhances the migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and that the specific VNR alpha V beta 3 is required for cell motility. We also show that the alpha V beta 3 attachment site(More)
A general caging method for proteins that are regulated by phosphorylation was used to study the in vivo biochemical action of cofilin and the subsequent cellular response. By acute and local activation of a chemically engineered, light-sensitive phosphocofilin mimic, we demonstrate that cofilin polymerizes actin, generates protrusions, and determines the(More)
The importance of Bax for induction of tumor apoptosis through death receptors remains unclear. Here we show that Bax can be essential for death receptor--mediated apoptosis in cancer cells. Bax-deficient human colon carcinoma cells were resistant to death-receptor ligands, whereas Bax-expressing sister clones were sensitive. Bax was dispensable for apical(More)
Neuroserpin, a recently identified inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), is primarily localized to neurons within the central nervous system, where it is thought to regulate tPA activity. In the present study neuroserpin expression and its potential therapeutic benefits were examined in a rat model of stroke. Neuroserpin expression increased(More)
ods from fetal animals. The same question has not been * Department of Pharmacology tested in mature cells in acute slices. though its sources and targets remained controversial. Albert Einstein College of Medicine It is now clear that NO arises from and mimics parallel Bronx, New York 10461 fiber stimulation and is synthesized outside the PC while its(More)