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Non-classical MHC class I molecule HLA-E is the ligand for CD94/NKG2 NK cell receptors. Surface expression of HLA-E requires binding of specific HLA class I leader sequences. The uterine mucosa in early pregnancy (decidua) is infiltrated by large numbers of NK cells, which are closely associated with placental trophoblast cells. In this study we demonstrate(More)
Ig-like transcript 4 (ILT4) (also known as leukocyte Ig-like receptor 2, CD85d, and LILRB2) is a cell surface receptor expressed mainly on myelomonocytic cells, whereas ILT2 (also known as leukocyte Ig-like receptor 1, CD85j, and LILRB1) is expressed on a wider range of immune cells including subsets of natural killer and T cells. Both ILTs contain(More)
TAL1/SCL is a master regulator of haematopoiesis whose expression promotes opposite outcomes depending on the cell type: differentiation in the erythroid lineage or oncogenesis in the T-cell lineage. Here, we used a combination of ChIP sequencing and gene expression profiling to compare the function of TAL1 in normal erythroid and leukaemic T cells.(More)
HLA-F is a human non-classical MHC molecule. Recombinant HLA-F heavy chain was refolded with 2-microglobulin to form a stable complex. This complex was used as an immunogen to produce a highly specific, high-affinity monoclonal antibody (FG1) that was used to study directly the cellular biology and tissue distribution of HLA-F. HLA-F has a restricted(More)
In early pregnancy invading fetal trophoblasts encounter abundant maternal decidual natural killer cells (dNK). dNK express perforin, granzymes A and B and the activating receptors NKp30, NKp44, NKp46, NKG2D, and 2B4 as well as LFA-1. Even though they are granular and express the essential molecules required for lysis, fresh dNK displayed very reduced lytic(More)
The nonclassical MHC class I molecule human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is selectively expressed on fetal trophoblast tissue at the maternal-fetal interface in pregnancy. It has long been suggested that HLA-G may inhibit maternal natural killer (NK) cells through interaction with particular NK cell receptors (KIRs). To investigate(More)
Treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) involves aggressive myelosuppressive chemotherapy that is generally administered on an inpatient basis. In our centre, AML therapy has been initiated in hospital and followed by early outpatient supportive care according to guidelines established in 1996. We conducted a review of all patients presenting with AML in(More)
The bone marrow microenvironment may be permissive to the emergence and progression of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Studying interactions between the microenvironment and leukemia cells should provide new insight for therapeutic advances. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are central to the maintenance of the hematopoietic niche. Here we compared the(More)
Reduced CD34(+) cell viability due to cryopreservation has unknown effects on subsequent hematopoietic engraftment in autologous transplantation. Thirty-six consecutive autologous peripheral stem cell collections were analyzed for absolute viable CD34(+) cell numbers at the time of stem cell collection and prior to re-infusion. Viable CD34(+) cells were(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is not well described, particularly with increased use of ambulatory care in the transplant setting. METHODS A retrospective analysis involving 589 patients (382 autologous HSCT, 207 allogeneic HSCT) undergoing transplantation(More)