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Non-classical MHC class I molecule HLA-E is the ligand for CD94/NKG2 NK cell receptors. Surface expression of HLA-E requires binding of specific HLA class I leader sequences. The uterine mucosa in early pregnancy (decidua) is infiltrated by large numbers of NK cells, which are closely associated with placental trophoblast cells. In this study we demonstrate(More)
Ig-like transcript 4 (ILT4) (also known as leukocyte Ig-like receptor 2, CD85d, and LILRB2) is a cell surface receptor expressed mainly on myelomonocytic cells, whereas ILT2 (also known as leukocyte Ig-like receptor 1, CD85j, and LILRB1) is expressed on a wider range of immune cells including subsets of natural killer and T cells. Both ILTs contain(More)
HLA-F is a human non-classical MHC molecule. Recombinant HLA-F heavy chain was refolded with 2-microglobulin to form a stable complex. This complex was used as an immunogen to produce a highly specific, high-affinity monoclonal antibody (FG1) that was used to study directly the cellular biology and tissue distribution of HLA-F. HLA-F has a restricted(More)
TAL1/SCL is a master regulator of haematopoiesis whose expression promotes opposite outcomes depending on the cell type: differentiation in the erythroid lineage or oncogenesis in the T-cell lineage. Here, we used a combination of ChIP sequencing and gene expression profiling to compare the function of TAL1 in normal erythroid and leukaemic T cells.(More)
The transcription factor E4bp4 (Nfil3) is essential for natural killer (NK) cell production. Here, we show that E4bp4 is required at the NK lineage commitment point when NK progenitors develop from common lymphoid progenitors (CLPs) and that E4bp4 must be expressed at the CLP stage for differentiation toward the NK lineage to occur. To elucidate the(More)
The protein HLA-E is a non-classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule of limited sequence variability. Its expression on the cell surface is regulated by the binding of peptides derived from the signal sequence of some other MHC class I molecules. Here we report the identification of ligands for HLA-E. We constructed tetramers in which(More)
Reduced CD34(+) cell viability due to cryopreservation has unknown effects on subsequent hematopoietic engraftment in autologous transplantation. Thirty-six consecutive autologous peripheral stem cell collections were analyzed for absolute viable CD34(+) cell numbers at the time of stem cell collection and prior to re-infusion. Viable CD34(+) cells were(More)
Fascinating recent discoveries have focused attention on the nonclassical class I molecules. They can exert their function at most levels of the immune response, being part of both innate and adaptive immune systems. They not only have specialized antigen-presentation functions but also play important immunoregulatory roles: HLA-E regulates natural killer(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Treatment of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) with plasma exchange has reduced mortality rates from 90% in untreated cases to less than 20%. Despite plasma exchange, relapses may occur in as many as 40% of cases. Multiple relapses occur in a minority but pose a significant therapeutic challenge. Recent evidence supports(More)
In early pregnancy invading fetal trophoblasts encounter abundant maternal decidual natural killer cells (dNK). dNK express perforin, granzymes A and B and the activating receptors NKp30, NKp44, NKp46, NKG2D, and 2B4 as well as LFA-1. Even though they are granular and express the essential molecules required for lysis, fresh dNK displayed very reduced lytic(More)