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Cell-to-cell movement of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) is driven by a set of three movement proteins--P42, P13, and P15--organized into a triple gene block (TGB) on viral RNA 2. The first TGB protein, P42, has been fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and fusion proteins between P42 and GFP were expressed from a BNYVV RNA 3-based replicon(More)
Several RNA virus genera belonging to the Virgaviridae and Flexiviridae families encode proteins organized in a triple gene block (TGB) that facilitate cell-to-cell and long-distance movement. The TGB proteins have been traditionally classified as hordei-like or potex-like based on phylogenetic comparisons and differences in movement mechanisms of the(More)
A study of molecular diversity was carried out on 136 sugar beets infected with Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV, Benyvirus) collected worldwide. The nucleotide sequences of the RNA-2-encoded CP, RNA-3-encoded p25 and RNA-5-encoded p26 proteins were analysed. The resulting phylogenetic trees allowed BNYVV to be classified into groups that show(More)
The protein p25 encoded by beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) RNA-3 is involved in symptom expression of infected plants. Confocal microscopy analysis of wild-type and mutated p25 fused to GFP and transiently expressed in BY-2 tobacco suspension cells identified a nuclear localization signal (NLS) in the N-terminal part of the protein. Functionality of(More)
During infection of Tetragonia expansa leaves, RNA 3 of the quadripartite genome of beet necrotic yellow vein virus directs synthesis of a subgenomic RNA (RNA 3sub) which corresponds to the 3'-terminal 600 residues of the RNA 3 molecule. Biologically active run-off transcripts have been prepared from full-length cDNA of RNA 3 cloned behind a bacteriophage(More)
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) is a multipartite RNA virus. BNYVV RNA3 does not accumulate in non-host transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants when expressed using a 35S promoter. However, a 3'-derivative species has been detected in transgenic plants and in transient expression assays conducted in Nicotiana benthamiana and Beta macrocarpa. The(More)
The triple gene block (TGB) of beet necrotic yellow vein virus RNA 2 is required for cell-to-cell movement of the virus RNA. The protein P42 encoded by the 5'-proximal gene of the TGB has consensus sequence motifs characteristic of an ATP/GTP-dependent helicase. P42 was over-expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to bind both single- and double-stranded(More)
The RNA silencing-suppression properties of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and Beet soil-borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) cysteine-rich p14 proteins have been investigated. Suppression of RNA silencing activities were made evident using viral infection of silenced Nicotiana benthamiana 16C, N. benthamiana agroinfiltrated with green fluorescent protein(More)
The Triple Gene Block proteins TGBp1, TGBp2, and TGBp3 of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) are required for efficient cell-to-cell spread of the infection. The TGB proteins can drive cell-to-cell movement of BNYVV in trans when expressed from a co-inoculated BNYVV RNA 3-based 'replicon'. TGBp2 and TGBp3 expressed from the replicon were nonfunctional(More)
P25, a Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) pathogenicity factor, interacts with a sugar beet protein with high homology to Arabidopsis thaliana kelch repeat containing F-box family proteins (FBK) of unknown function in yeast. FBK are members of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box (SCF) complex that mediate protein degradation. Here, we confirm this sugar beet FBK-P25(More)