David S. Garvey

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A diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes has been identified in mammalian brain using recombinant DNA technology. Alterations in the activity of these acetylcholinegated ion channels have been implicated in a number of central nervous system disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The potential therapeutic usefulness of(More)
Recent evidence indicating the therapeutic potential of cholinergic channel modulators for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders as well as the diversity of brain neuronal nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have suggested an opportunity to develop subtype-selective nAChR ligands for the treatment of specific CNS disorders with(More)
In mammalian cells, eicosanoid biosynthesis is usually initiated by the activation of phospholipase A2 and the release of arachidonic acid (AA) from membrane phospholipids. The AA is subsequently transformed by cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LO) pathways to prostaglandins, thromboxane and leukotrienes collectively termed eicosanoids. Eicosanoid(More)
The metabolism of the cholinergic channel activator [3H]ABT-418 was studied in 9,000g supernatant (S-9) fractions and precision-cut tissue slices prepared from rat, dog, monkey, and human livers. In rat S-9 fractions and tissue slices, the lactam and trans N'-oxide were detected as major metabolites. The lactam was also the major metabolite in monkey and(More)
Despite its widespread use, diclofenac has gastrointestinal liabilities common to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that might be reduced by concomitant administration of a gastrointestinal cytoprotectant such as nitric oxide (NO). A series of novel diclofenac esters containing a nitrosothiol (-S-NO) moiety as a NO donor functionality has been(More)
Although nitrosothiols have been suggested to act as regulators of cell (patho)physiology, little is known about the pharmacology of nitrosylated proteins as nitric oxide (NO.) congeners. We describe the molecular consequences of nitrosylating bovine serum albumin (BSA) at multiple specific sites and demonstrate that the product S-nitrosoproteins exert(More)
Novel series of pyrazolo[5,1-b]1,3-oxazolidines, pyrazolo[5,1-b]1,3-oxazines and imidazolidino[1,2-d]pyrazoles were synthesized. These compounds were evaluated in vitro for their ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in human whole blood (HWB). Several of the compounds were found to be novel and selective COX-2 inhibitors,(More)
Ligands which activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) represent a potential approach for the palliative treatment for the symptoms of memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Based upon this approach, a series of novel 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles and isothiazoles were prepared and evaluated in vitro as cholinergic channel(More)
Nitric oxide (NO.) and NO. donors incite NAD- [i.e., mono(ADP-ribosylation)] and NADH-dependent posttranslational protein modifications by an as yet unknown mechanism. A route of pyridine nucleotide-dependent, NO.-stimulated protein modification has recently been hypothesized [S. Dimmeler, and B. Brune, (1992) Eur. J. Biochem. 210, 305-310; J. S. Stamler(More)