A diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes has been identified in mammalian brain using recombinant DNA technology. Alterations in the activity of these acetylcholinegated ion channels have been implicated in a number of central nervous system disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The potential therapeutic usefulness of… (More)
Recent evidence indicating the therapeutic potential of cholinergic channel modulators for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders as well as the diversity of brain neuronal nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have suggested an opportunity to develop subtype-selective nAChR ligands for the treatment of specific CNS disorders with… (More)
The in vitro pharmacological properties of a novel cholinergic channel ligand, A-85380 [3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine], were examined using tissue preparations that express different putative nAChR subtypes. In radioligand binding studies, A-85380 is shown to be a potent and selective ligand for the human alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR subtype (Ki = 0.05 + 0.01… (More)
Analogs of compound 1 with a variety of azacycles and heteroaryl groups were synthesized. These analogs exhibited Ki values ranging from 0.15 to > 10,000 nM when tested in vitro for cholinergic channel receptor binding activity (displacement of [3H](-) cytisine from whole rat brain synaptic membranes).
Ligands which activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) represent a potential approach for the palliative treatment for the symptoms of memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Based upon this approach, a series of novel 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles and isothiazoles were prepared and evaluated in vitro as cholinergic channel… (More)
An optimized synthetic route to prepare ring-locked retinoid 1a has been developed. We fully describe a purification protocol that provides isomerically pure 1a in support of on-going proof of concept studies for the development of therapeutic agents to treat human ADRP. Additionally, we have found that isomerically pure 1a can be stored in amber vials… (More)
A series of novel 2-substituted acetylenic pyrrolidines and piperidines related to oxotremorine (1) were prepared and evaluated in vitro as muscarinic cholinergic agents at brain M1 and M2 receptors. One analogue, 3-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-[2(R)-pyrrolidinyl]-1-propyne hydrogen oxalate (6a), was found to be a partial agonist producing a PI hydrolysis… (More)