David S. Covert

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[1] During Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) and Asian Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-Asia) we measured the dry size distribution of Asian aerosols, their state of mixing, and the optical properties of dust, black carbon (BC) and other aerosol constituents in combustion and/or dust plumes. Optical particle sizing in(More)
There is concern about the human health effects of inhalation of acid compounds found in urban air pollution. It was the purpose of this study to investigate three of these acid compounds, sulfur dioxide (SO2), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and nitric acid (HNO3) in a group of allergic adolescent subjects. Subjects were exposed during rest and moderate exercise to(More)
Several studies have found elevated levels of urinary arsenic among residents living near a copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington. To assess pathways of exposure to arsenic from the smelter, biological and environmental samples were collected longitudinally from 121 households up to 8 miles from the smelter. The concentration of inorganic and methylated(More)
The Aerosols99 cruise crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Norfolk, Virginia to Cape Town, South Africa between January 14 and February 8, 1999. The goals of the cruise were to determine the chemical, physical, and optical properties of the marine boundary layer (MBL) aerosol, the vertical distribution of aerosols and ozone, the column integrated aerosol optical(More)
Adolescent asthmatic subjects have been shown to be much more sensitive than healthy adolescents to the inhaled effects of sulfur dioxide. To test whether similar adolescent asthmatics are more sensitive to other common ambient air pollutants, 10 healthy and 10 asthmatic adolescent subjects were exposed for 60 min to filtered air, 0.12 ppm ozone (O3), and(More)
Calculations of direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols commonly use radiative transfer parameters, including asymmetry parameter g. One method of obtaining the asymmetry parameter of a particle population is to convert measured values of the hemispheric-to-total-scatter ratio (backscatter ratio b) into their corresponding g values. We compare a(More)
Measurements of submicron aerosol composition, light scattering, and size distribution were made from 17 October to 15 November 2008 at the elevated Paposo site (25 0.4 S, 70 27.01 W, 690 m a.s.l.) on the Chilean coast as part of the VOCALS Regional Experiment (REx). Based on the chemical composition measurements, a receptor modeling analysis using Positive(More)
The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) was conducted from 15 October to 15 November 2008 in the South East Pacific (SEP) region to investigate interactions between land, sea and atmosphere in this unique tropical eastern ocean environment and to improve the skill of global and regional models in representing the region. This(More)
Aerosol concentrations and 3-D winds were measured from September 9 to 25, 2007, above a pine forest in California. The measurements were combined using the eddy covariance (EC) technique to determine aerosol eddy fluxes as a function of particle diameter within the accumulation mode size range (0.25 μm ≤ Dp ≤ 1 μm here). Measured heat and water vapor(More)
Hourly averaged particle size distributions measured at a centrally located urban site in Seattle were analyzed through the application of bilinear positive matrix factorization (PMF) and Unmix to study underlying size distributions and their daily patterns. A total of 1051 samples each with 16 size intervals from 20 to 400 nm were obtained from a(More)