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Self-renewal is a hallmark of stem cells and cancer, but existence of a shared stemness program remains controversial. Here, we construct a gene module map to systematically relate transcriptional programs in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), adult tissue stem cells, and human cancers. This map reveals two predominant gene modules that distinguish ESCs and adult(More)
Sebaceous lesions, including sebaceous hyperplasia, sebaceomas, and sebaceous adenomas and carcinomas, are histologically distinctive adnexal proliferations with a spectrum of biological behavior ranging from benign to frankly malignant. The histologic distinction between sebaceous adenomas and carcinomas may be challenging, especially in cases showing(More)
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) includes many subtypes with widely varying clinical behaviors, ranging from indolent to aggressive tumors with significant metastatic potential. However, the tendency for pathologists and clinicians alike is to refer to all squamoid neoplasms as generic SCC. No definitive, comprehensive clinicopathological system(More)
Constitutive activation of Akt characterizes a high percentage of human melanomas and represents a poor prognostic factor of the disease. We show that Akt transforms melanocytes only in a hypoxic environment, which is found in normal skin. The synergy between Akt and hypoxia is HIF1alpha mediated. Inhibition of HIF1alpha decreases Akt transformation(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs (18-24 nucleotides) that have recently been shown to regulate gene expression during cancer progression. Dicer, a central enzyme in the multi-component miRNA biogenesis pathway, is involved in cutting precursor miRNAs to functionally mature forms. Emerging evidence shows that Dicer expression is(More)
Bendamustine is an anti-neoplastic agent approved by the FDA in 2008 for use as monotherapy or in combination with other agents to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and progressed indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In clinical trials and post-marketing safety reports administration of bendamustine with drugs that have known adverse reactions(More)
Cushing syndrome is uncommon in childhood and rare in infancy. We report the case of a 3-yr-old child who presented with symptoms of Cushing syndrome beginning shortly after birth. Her hypercortisolemia was cyclical, causing relapsing and remitting symptoms, which eventually led to suspicions of possible Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Investigation at the(More)
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) includes many subtypes with widely varying clinical behaviors, ranging from indolent to aggressive tumors with significant metastatic potential. However, the tendency for pathologists and clinicians alike is to refer to all squamoid neoplasms as generic SCC. No definitive, comprehensive clinicopathological system(More)
Subcutaneous Panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a rare subtype of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Subcutaneous Panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma has an aggressive variant associated with the hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). Patients without HPS show resolution of the disease with prednisone or immunosuppressive therapy unlike other T-cell lymphomas.(More)