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BACKGROUND Ranibizumab--a recombinant, humanized, monoclonal antibody Fab that neutralizes all active forms of vascular endothelial growth factor A--has been evaluated for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration. METHODS In this multicenter, 2-year, double-blind, sham-controlled study, we randomly assigned patients with age-related(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in elderly, Caucasian populations. There is strong evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play a role in the cell death found in AMD retinas. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of the Caucasian mitochondrial JTU haplogroup cluster with AMD.(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with the development and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Recent studies using populations from the United States and Australia have demonstrated that AMD is associated with mitochondrial (mt) DNA haplogroups (as defined by combinations of mtDNA polymorphisms) that represent Northern(More)
The terms of this institutional consulting arrangement are being managed by the Johns Hopkins University in accordance with its conflict of interest policies. The following authors have indicated that they are or have been paid as consultant to QLT, Inc, or Novartis Pharma AG, or both (which may also include travel expenses at meetings or participation in a(More)
BACKGROUND It has been recognized that cells do not respond equally to ultraviolet (UV) radiation but it is not clear whether this is due to genetic, biochemical or structural differences of the cells. We have a novel cybrid (cytoplasmic hybrids) model that allows us to analyze the contribution of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to cellular response after(More)
PURPOSE To examine the mtDNA control regions in normal and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) retinas. To identify the mtDNA variations associated with AMD. METHODS Retinas from 10 normal and 11 AMD globes were isolated and analyzed for mtDNA rearrangements by long extension-polymerase chain reaction (LX-PCR) and for the nature and frequency of(More)
Results on polynomial fixed order controller design are extended to SISO gain-scheduling with guaranteed stability and H ∞ performance over the whole scheduling parameter range. Salient features of the approach are (a) the use of polynomials as modeling objects; (b) the use of flexible LMI conditions allowing polynomial dependence of the open-loop system(More)
PURPOSE To determine mitochondrial (mt)DNA variants in AMD and age-matched normal retinas. METHODS Total DNA was isolated from retinas (AMD, n = 13; age-matched normal, n = 13), choroid (AMD, n = 3), and blood (AMD, n = 138; normal, n = 133). Long-extension-polymerase chain reaction amplified the full-length ( approximately 16.2 kb) mtDNA genome. Retinal(More)
PURPOSE To compare the safety profiles of antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs ranibizumab, bevacizumab, aflibercept and ziv-aflibercept on retinal pigment epithelium cells in culture. METHODS Human retinal pigment epithelium cells (ARPE-19) were exposed for 24 h to four anti-VEGF drugs at 1/2×, 1×, 2× and 10× clinical concentrations. Cell(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and other parts of the world. Historically, laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy surgery have been used for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy, including diabetic macular edema. Both procedures have proven to be useful under certain conditions but have their limitations.(More)