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The most common human cancers are malignant neoplasms of the skin. Incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising especially steeply, with minimal progress in non-surgical treatment of advanced disease. Despite significant effort to identify independent predictors of melanoma outcome, no accepted histopathological, molecular or immunohistochemical marker defines(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as sulindac, have cancer chemopreventive properties by a mechanism that has been suggested to involve cyclooxygenase inhibition and reduction of prostaglandin (PGE2) levels in the target tissue. To test this hypothesis, we studied the effect of dietary sulindac sulfone (500-2000 ppm), a metabolite of(More)
PURPOSE Green tea has been shown to exhibit cancer-preventive activities in preclinical studies. Its consumption has been associated with decreased risk of certain types of cancers in humans. The oral bioavailability of the major green tea constituents, green tea catechins, is low, resulting in systemic catechin levels in humans many fold less than the(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency has been observed among populations in the northern United States. However, data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in areas of high sun exposure, such as Arizona, are limited. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in residents of(More)
Multiple myeloma is a disease with a high initial chemotherapeutic response but virtually no cures due to emergence of drug resistance. A doxorubicin-resistant human myeloma cell line (8226/Dox) has been selected from the myeloma cell line RPMI8226 by continuously exposing cells to gradually increasing doses of doxorubicin. The resistant phenotype has been(More)
PURPOSE The Cu efflux transporter ATP7A is overexpressed in some cisplatin-resistant ovarian carcinoma cell lines. We examined the expression of ATP7A in the major normal human organs and in several types of human malignancies and sought to determine whether ATP7A expression changed during treatment of ovarian carcinomas with Pt-containing regimens. (More)
The antitumor antibiotic mitomycin C (MMC) was studied in vitro using L1210 leukemia and 8226 human myeloma cells. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by colony formation in soft agar, and DNA damage was analyzed using alkaline elution filter assays. The purposes of these studies were: (a) to characterize the time course of MMC-DNA damage; (b) to characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND Sporadic colorectal cancers often arise from a region of cells characterized by a "field defect" that has not been well defined molecularly. DNA methylation has been proposed as a candidate mediator of this field defect. The DNA repair gene O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is frequently methylated in colorectal cancer. We(More)
PURPOSE To determine if incorporation of an additional cytotoxic agent improves overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for women with advanced-stage epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and primary peritoneal carcinoma who receive carboplatin and paclitaxel. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with stages III to IV disease were stratified by(More)
We have recently developed an in vitro assay for human tumor stem cells that permits cloning of human ovarian adenocarcinoma cells in soft agar. Tumor colonies grew from both effusions and biopsies from 85% of 31 ovarian cancer patients. The cloning efficiency did not vary with the histology of the tumor. Growth was induced with medium conditioned by the(More)