David S. Alberts

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a depth resolved imaging modality that may aid in identifying sun damaged skin and the precancerous condition actinic keratosis (AK). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS OCT images were acquired of 112 patients at 2 sun protected and 2 sun exposed sites, with a subsequent biopsy. Each site(More)
The purpose of this systematic study was to provide an up to date and reliable quantitative summary of the relative benefits of various types of chemotherapy (non-platinum vs platinum, single-agent vs combination and carboplatin vs cisplatin) in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Also, to investigate whether well-defined patient subgroups benefit(More)
95 clinical trials of anticancer drugs were done in 40 patients with advanced ovarian cancer who had undergone an in-vitro soft-agar human tumour stem-cell assay for drug sensitivity. In the 95 clinical trials, 13 of 21 patients responded clinically to drugs predicted to be effective in vitro, while in 73 of 74 instances in which drug resistance had been(More)
The cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway is important in colorectal carcinogenesis with the majority of cancers overexpressing COX-2; however, the role of COX-2 in the development of colorectal adenomas is less well defined. Accordingly, we analyzed 108 colorectal adenomas for COX-1 and COX-2 transcription in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue using(More)
The EVI-1 gene was originally detected as an ectopic viral insertion site and encodes a nuclear zinc finger DNA-binding protein. Previous studies showed restricted EVI-1 RNA or protein expression during ontogeny; in a kidney and an endometrial carcinoma cell line; and in normal murine oocytes and kidney cells. EVI-1 expression was also detected in a subset(More)
BACKGROUND A preceding exploratory study (J. Clin. Pathol. 57(2004), 1201-1207) had shown that a karyometric assessment of nuclei from papillary urothelial neoplasms of low malignant potential (PUNLMP) revealed subtle differences in phenotype which correlated with recurrence of disease. AIM OF THE STUDY To validate the results from the exploratory study(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been associated with lower risk of certain cancers, but data on the effect on skin cancer risk have been limited and contradictory. We prospectively examined whether use of NSAIDS or acetaminophen was associated with a lower risk of skin cancer in women. The 92,125 Caucasian women in the Nurses’ Health(More)
Carotenoid consumption is of great interest in disease prevention studies. Until recently, carotenoid food composition data have not been available from a single laboratory source with high validity/reliability characteristics. With the availability of a new carotenoid food composition data base, we examined the impact of the new data base on the intake(More)
A simple method for the gas-liquid chromatographic quantitation of human fecal bile acids and sterols is described where bile acids are subjected to n-butyl ester derivatization, without prior isolation from the stool, followed by trimethylsilylation of the sterols and bile acids. Under these conditions, bile acid derivatives are well resolved from each(More)
Genomic technologies, such as array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), increasingly offer definitive gene dosage profiles in clinical samples. Historically, copy number profiling was limited to large fresh-frozen tumors where intact DNA could be readily extracted. Genomic analyses of pre-neoplastic tumors and diagnostic biopsies are often limited to(More)