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Lymphoid cells from scid mice initiate V(D)J recombination normally but have a severely reduced ability to join coding segments. Thymocytes from scid mice contain broken DNA molecules at the TCR delta locus that have coding ends, as well as molecules with signal ends, whereas in normal mice we previously detected only signal ends. Remarkably, these coding(More)
In the murine T cell receptor delta locus, V(D)J recombination events frequently involve the D2 and J1 elements. Here we report the presence of double-strand breaks at recombination signals flanking D2 in approximately 2% of thymus DNA. An excised linear species containing the sequences between D2 and J1 and a circular product of the joining of D2 and J1(More)
Misrepair of DNA double-strand breaks produced by the V(D)J recombinase (the RAG1/RAG2 proteins) at immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (Tcr) loci has been implicated in pathogenesis of lymphoid malignancies in humans and in mice. Defects in DNA damage response factors such as ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein and combined deficiencies in(More)
Ku is a heterodimeric DNA end binding complex composed of 70 and 86 kDa subunits. Here, we show that Ku86 is essential for normal V(D)J recombination in vivo, as Ku86-deficient mice are severely defective for formation of coding joints. Unlike severe combined immunodeficient (scid) mice, Ku86-deficient mice are also defective for signal joint formation.(More)
The two major pathways for repairing double-strand breaks (DSBs), homologous recombination and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ), have traditionally been thought to operate in different stages of the cell cycle. This division of labor is not absolute, however, and precisely what governs the choice of pathway to repair a given DSB has remained enigmatic. We(More)
To examine the mechanisms of recombination governing the illegitimate integration of transfected DNA into a mammalian genome, we developed a cell system that selects for integration events in defined genomic regions. Cell lines with chromosomal copies of the 3' portion of the adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) gene (targets) were established. The 5'(More)
V(D)J recombination entails double-stranded DNA cleavage at the antigen receptor loci by the RAG1/2 proteins, which recognize conserved recombination signal sequences (RSSs) adjoining variable (V), diversity (D) and joining (J) gene segments. After cleavage, RAG1/2 remain associated with the coding and signal ends (SE) in a post-cleavage complex (PCC),(More)
In the 40 years since Harvard medical student Gilbert Omenn first described a rare, inherited disorder producing a paradoxical combination of immunodeficiency and immune dysregulation, the pathogenesis of Omenn syndrome (OS) has remained mysterious. In separate studies reported in this issue of the JCI, two mouse models bearing mutations in the V(D)J(More)
Forest fragmentation can disrupt important ecological processes both within and among species. Of particular interest is the extent to which fragmentation decouples economically important pest species from their parasites. In an influential paper, Roland and Taylor (1997) advanced the hypothesis that forest fragmentation at a relatively fine spatial scale(More)