David Ross Appleton

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In the present study we investigated the effects of panduratin A, isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda, on proliferation and apoptosis in A549 human non-small cell lung cancer cells. Cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis was determined by the real-time cellular analyzer (RTCA), MTT assay and High Content Screening (HCS). The RTCA assay indicated that(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 17-O-acetylacuminolide (AA), a diterpenoid labdane, was isolated for the first time from the plant species Neouvaria foetida. The anti-inflammatory effects of this compound were studied both in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Plant extracts were initially tested against LPS-stimulated release of tumor necrosis factor alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Gracilaria changii (Xia et Abbott) Abbott, Zhang et Xia, a red algae commonly found in the coastal areas of Malaysia is traditionally used for foods and for the treatment of various ailments including inflammation and gastric ailments. The aim of the study was to investigate anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective and anti-ulcerogenic activities of a(More)
Verapamil increases the sensitivity of primary human colorectal carcinoma tissue to vincristine The inherent resistance of human solid tumours to cancer chemotherapy is a major problem in medical oncology. Experimentally, in cell lines, the resistance phenomena studied are often induced by a process analogous to the induction of antibiotic resistance in(More)
To better understand lipid biosynthesis in oil palm mesocarp, in particular the differences in gene regulation leading to and including de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, a multi-platform metabolomics technology was used to profile mesocarp metabolites during six critical stages of fruit development in comparatively high- and low-yielding oil palm(More)
When symmetrical 1,2 dimethylhydrazine was administered to rats by weekly s.c. injection, 37% of the animals had developed small intestinal carcinomas after 21-27 weeks. These lesions were largely localized to duodenum and upper jejunum. At the same time there was a diffuse crypt hyperplasia in the jejunum which affected all the treated animals, not just(More)
A method is described enabling the direct measurement of vincristine resistance in intact tissues in vivo by morphological study. Using the metaphase arresting properties of the drug, counts were made of escaping anaphase and telophase mitotic figures at a range of doses. The proportion of post-metaphase mitotic figures is called the post-metaphase index(More)
We have measured mitotic indices and 3H-thymidine-labelling indices for the colonic epithelial tumours induced in rats by the administration of dimethyl-hydrazine (DMH). The fraction-of-labelled-mitoses (FLM) technique has been used to estimate the duration of the cell-cycle phases. In general, mitotic and labelling indices in the tumours are similar to(More)
In cell kinetic experiments, as in many other branches of biological science, we often sample at various stages of an experiment: we may for example take a sample of animals, then from each study a sample of sites, and from each site take replicate observations. This sampling process can be optimized to give maximum precision to an estimated quantity, but(More)
Mucosal explants were prepared from the colons of normal rats and from the non-neoplastic colonic mucosa of rats which had been treated chronically with the intestinal carcinogen dimethylhydrazine. They were maintained in an organ culture system which permitted survival up to at least 25 days. Morphological preservation of the mucosa was excellent up to 6(More)