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The principal iron uptake system of Saccharomyces cerevisiae utilizes a reductase activity that acts on ferric iron chelates external to the cell. The FRE1 gene product is required for this activity. The deduced amino acid sequence of the FRE1 protein exhibits hydrophobic regions compatible with transmembrane domains and has significant similarity to the(More)
We have identified a cell surface ferric reductase activity in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. A mutant strain deficient in this activity was also deficient in ferric iron uptake, while ferrous iron uptake was not impaired. Therefore, reduction is a required step in cellular ferric iron acquisition. We have cloned frp1+, the wild-type allele of(More)
High-affinity receptors for interleukin 2 (IL-2) are expressed on T cells following activation. These receptors are composed of both alpha and beta chains. Expression of alpha chains and, therefore, expression of high-affinity receptors are critically regulated at the level of transcription initiation. We have further dissected the regulatory elements(More)
Creatine kinase (CK; EC 2.7.3.2) isoenzymes play prominent roles in energy metabolism. Nuclear genes encode three known CK subunits: cytoplasmic muscle (MCK), cytoplasmic brain (BCK), and mitochondrial (MtCK). We have isolated the gene and cDNA encoding human placental MtCK. By using a dog heart MCK cDNA-derived probe, the 7.0-kb EcoRI fragment from one(More)
Myogenesis is accompanied by the withdrawal of proliferating myoblasts from the cell cycle, their fusion to form myotubes, and the coordinate expression of a variety of muscle-specific gene products, such as the muscle isoenzyme of creatine kinase (MCK). In the present study we used the nonfusing muscle cell line, BC3H1, to examine the mechanisms involved(More)
Creatine kinase (CK; EC 2.7.3.2) plays an important role in energy metabolism in brain and muscle. Expression of CK isoenzymes is regulated during development and is tissue specific. To define the structures of canine CK isoenzymes and to elucidate the mechanism of regulation in their expression, CK cDNA clones from dog myocardium were isolated. Myocardial(More)
To define the structure of canine B creatine kinase, clones were isolated from a library prepared from dog brain mRNA and constructed in the vector lambda gt11. The entire coding portion, the complete 3' nontranslated region, and 43 bp of the 5' noncoding region are reported. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence of canine B creatine kinase with(More)
Isoforms (derived from the same isoenzyme but distinguished by differences in isoelectric point) of MM creatine kinase appear in plasma after myocardial infarction. They are formed by conversion of the tissue form of creatine kinase (MM-A, pI 7.80) to progressively more acidic species (MM-B, pI 7.50) and MM-C (pI 7.20) after release into the circulation. To(More)