David Rodríguez Rueda

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The dynamic mechanisms by which RNAs acquire biologically functional structures are of increasing importance to the rapidly expanding fields of RNA therapeutics and biotechnology. Large energy barriers separating misfolded and functional states arising from alternate base pairing are a well-appreciated characteristic of RNA. In contrast, it is typically(More)
How RNA molecules fold into functional structures is a problem of great significance given the expanding list of essential cellular RNA enzymes and the increasing number of applications of RNA in biotechnology and medicine. A critical step toward solving the RNA folding problem is the characterization of the associated transition states. This is a(More)
Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) microscopy has become an increasingly popular tool to study the structural dynamics of RNA molecules. It reveals, in real time, the structural dynamics of these molecules that would be otherwise hidden in ensemble-averaged measurements. Here we present a detailed protocol for performing smFRET(More)
Alternative splicing plays an important role in generating proteome diversity. The polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) is a key alternative splicing factor involved in exon repression. It has been proposed that PTB acts by looping out exons flanked by pyrimidine tracts. We present fluorescence, NMR, and in vivo splicing data in support of a role of(More)
Spliceosomes catalyze the maturation of precursor mRNAs in organisms ranging from yeast to humans. Their catalytic core comprises three small nuclear RNAs (U2, U5 and U6) involved in substrate positioning and catalysis. It has been postulated, but never shown experimentally, that the U2-U6 complex adopts at least two conformations that reflect different(More)
Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is a bacterial second messenger important for physiologic adaptation and virulence. Class-I c-di-GMP riboswitches are phylogenetically widespread and thought to mediate pleiotropic genetic responses to the second messenger. Previous studies suggest that the RNA aptamer domain switches from an extended free state to a compact,(More)
Group II intron ribozymes fold into their native structure by a unique stepwise process that involves an initial slow compaction followed by fast formation of the native state in a Mg(2+)-dependent manner. Single-molecule fluorescence reveals three distinct on-pathway conformations in dynamic equilibrium connected by relatively small activation barriers.(More)
Repair of DNA double strand breaks by homologous recombination (HR) is initiated by Rad51 filament nucleation on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), which catalyzes strand exchange with homologous duplex DNA. BRCA2 and the Rad51 paralogs are tumor suppressors and critical mediators of Rad51. To gain insight into Rad51 paralog function, we investigated a(More)
In much of the political economy literature, social democratic governments are assumed to defend the interests of labor. The main thrust of this article is that labor is divided into those with secure employment (insiders) and those without (outsiders). I argue that the goals of social democratic parties are often best served by pursuing policies that(More)