David Richmond

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Exposure to toxic environmental chemicals during pregnancy and breastfeeding is ubiquitous and is a threat to healthy human reproduction. There are tens of thousands of chemicals in global commerce, and even small exposures to toxic chemicals during pregnancy can trigger adverse health consequences. Exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and related(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify published maternity intrapartum quality indicators and rationalise them to a core set. STUDY DESIGN Prospective qualitative consensus group exercise. A literature search identified sets of intrapartum quality indicators in the English language. These were rationalised to a shortlist using criteria adapted from 'The Good Clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the safety, effectiveness, acceptability and costs of a hospital-at-home programme with usual acute hospital inpatient care. METHOD Patients aged 55 years or over being treated for an acute medical problem were randomized to receive either standard inpatient hospital care or hospital-at-home care. Follow-up was for 90 days after(More)
The 2012 “4 countries meeting” of the French, Dutch, British and German Societies of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (CNGOF, NVOG, RCOG, DGGG) was dedicated to the topic “Low-risk pregnancy and normal delivery”. The objective was to compare how each country organises prenatal care and normal delivery. The discussion is outlined in the article and provides new(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of psoriasis medication therapy on costs and patient outcomes in large nationally representative samples needs further examination. OBJECTIVE This study examined the association between factors related to medication use, health status, and health care costs associated with psoriasis in the United States. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing has an effect on reducing subsequent risk behaviors in those tested, to evaluate stability in condom use over time, and to determine whether self-reported frequency of condom use relates to the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). DESIGN Cohort study(More)
PURPOSE Many surveys of adolescent behavior are dependent on self-reported data. We sought to assess the accuracy of adolescent self-report of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pregnancies. METHODS We randomly selected 149 (118 females, 31 males) adolescents to participate in this accuracy study. Follow-up questionnaires were administered to the(More)
Propensity score matching is used to investigate the causal relationship between alcoholism and earnings in a young cohort of males and females drawn from the 1989 and 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in order to investigate productivity losses attributed to alcoholism and to quantify these effects. Results suggest that there are(More)
This exploratory study was conducted to determine whether sexual abuse might be a risk factor or marker for other risk factors for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. Twenty-five HIV-positive adolescents were assessed for a variety of possible risk factors for HIV infection, including prior history of sexual abuse. Fifteen (60%) had a history of(More)