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We find that two Chlamydomonas outer arm dynein assembly loci, oda6 and oda9, are located on the left arm of linkage group XII, in the vicinity of the previously mapped locus for a 70,000 Mr dynein intermediate chain protein. Restriction fragment length polymorphism mapping indicates that this dynein gene is very closely linked to the oda6 locus. A cDNA(More)
Previous work has revealed a cytoplasmic pool of flagellar precursor proteins capable of contributing to the assembly of new flagella, but how and where these components assemble is unknown. We tested Chlamydomonas outer-dynein arm subunit stability and assembly in the cytoplasm of wild-type cells and 11 outer dynein arm assembly mutant strains (oda1-oda11)(More)
The motility of cilia and flagella is powered by dynein ATPases associated with outer doublet microtubules. However, a flagellar kinesin-like protein that may function as a motor associates with the central pair complex. We determined that Chlamydomonas reinhardtii central pair kinesin Klp1 is a phosphoprotein and, like conventional kinesins, binds to(More)
We have sequenced genomic clones spanning the complete coding region of one heavy chain (beta) and the catalytic domain of a second (alpha) of the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii flagellar outer arm dynein ATPase. The beta heavy chain gene (ODA-4 locus) spans 20 kb, is divided into at least 30 exons, and encodes a predicted 520 kDa protein. Comparison with sea(More)
A new Chlamydomonas flagellar mutant, pf-28, which swims more slowly than wild-type cells, was selected. Thin-section electron microscopy revealed the complete absence of outer-row dynein arms in this mutant, whereas inner-row arms and other axonemal structures appeared normal. SDS PAGE analysis also indicated that polypeptides previously identified as(More)
When outer-row dynein arms are extracted from Chlamydomonas flagellar axonemes, they dissociate into two ATPase complexes with sedimentation coefficients of 12S and 18S. We immunized mice with 18S dynein and generated a library of monoclonal antibodies against the polypeptides in this complex. Antibodies were selected which specifically recognize the 18S(More)
A novel Chlamydomonas flagellar mutant (oda-11) missing the alpha heavy chain of outer arm dynein but retaining the beta and gamma heavy chains was isolated. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis with an alpha heavy chain locus genomic probe indicated that the oda-11 mutation was genetically linked with the structural gene of the alpha heavy(More)
Two alleles at a new locus, central pair-associated complex 1 (CPC1), were selected in a screen for Chlamydomonas flagellar motility mutations. These mutations disrupt structures associated with central pair microtubules and reduce flagellar beat frequency, but do not prevent changes in flagellar activity associated with either photophobic responses or(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia most often arises from loss of the dynein motors that power ciliary beating. Here we show that DNAAF3 (also known as PF22), a previously uncharacterized protein, is essential for the preassembly of dyneins into complexes before their transport into cilia. We identified loss-of-function mutations in the human DNAAF3 gene in(More)
Eukaryotic cilia and flagella are long, thin organelles, and diffusion from the cytoplasm may not be able to support the high ATP concentrations needed for dynein motor activity. We discovered enzyme activities in the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii flagellum that catalyze three steps of the lower half of glycolysis (phosphoglycerate mutase, enolase, and pyruvate(More)