David Rhodri Davies

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Mutations in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene are associated with hereditary and sporadic clear cell renal carcinoma. VHL acts in a ubiquitin ligase complex regulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), but the link between this function and cancer development is unclear. Here we show that in the kidneys of patients with VHL disease, HIF activation is an(More)
BACKGROUND The mutational mechanism responsible for cyst formation in polycystic kidney disease 1 gene (PKD1) remains controversial, with data indicating a two-hit mechanism, but also evidence of polycystin-1 expression in cystic tissue. METHODS To investigate this apparent paradox, we analyzed polycystin-1 expression in cystic renal or liver tissue from(More)
BACKGROUND The Banff classification for assessment of renal allograft biopsies was introduced as a standardized international classification of renal allograft pathology and acute rejection. Subsequent debate and evaluation studies have attempted to develop and refine the classification. A recent alternative classification, known as the National Institutes(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse bladder cancer biopsies and investigate the pattern of expression of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R), a receptor tyrosine kinase that mediates tumour cell proliferation, motility and protection from apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Formalin-fixed specimens of bladder cancer (40 whole-mount, 80 cores on a tumour(More)
We describe 2 patients with mantle cell lymphoma who presented with dialysis-dependent acute renal failure and in whom the renal biopsies showed proliferative glomerulonephritis. The first patient had lymphadenopathy and the second splenomegaly, but no cause was initially identified in either case. The first patient was treated with immunosuppressive drugs,(More)
BACKGROUND Historically, histiocytic ulcerative (HUC) (or granulomatous) colitis of Boxer dogs was considered an idiopathic immune-mediated disease with a poor prognosis. Recent reports of dramatic responses to enrofloxacin and the discovery of invasive Escherichia coli within the colonic mucosa of affected Boxer dogs support an infectious etiology. (More)
Twenty-seven dogs with inadequately excised, cutaneous mast cell tumors (MCT; 20 residual microscopic disease, seven marginal excision) were treated with a vinblastine and prednisolone chemotherapeutic protocol. Twenty dogs were available for follow-up examination after 12 months. One dog suffered local recurrence of the tumor, four dogs developed new(More)
symptoms are mild, the hypocalcaemia temporary, and treatment is not required. In a few, those with renal disease, bone disease or steatorrhoea, the hypocalcaemia is likely to be severe and need treatment. The routine management of this type of patient has been described by Dent (1962). We have recently studied two patients who had generalised convulsions(More)
The type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) mediates tumor cell growth, adhesion, and protection from apoptosis. High plasma IGF-I levels predispose to prostate cancer, but there is no consensus regarding IGF1R expression in primary and metastatic prostate cancer. Recent studies in a human cell line and a mouse model suggest that metastatic(More)