David Reigada

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Microglial activation is an invariant feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is noteworthy that cannabinoids are neuroprotective by preventing β-amyloid (Aβ)-induced microglial activation both in vitro and in vivo. On the other hand, the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) has shown anti-inflammatory properties in different paradigms. In the present study,(More)
Many Ca(2+) channel proteins have been detected in mammalian sperm, but only the four CATSPER channels have been clearly shown to be required for male fertility. Ca(2+) entry through the principal piece-localized CATSPER channels has been implicated in the activation of hyperactivated motility. In the present study, we show that the Ca(2+) entry also(More)
PURPOSE Degradation of engulfed material is primarily mediated by lysosomal enzymes that function optimally within a narrow range of acidic pH values. RPE cells are responsible for daily degradation of photoreceptor outer segments and are thus particularly susceptible to perturbations in lysosomal pH. The authors hypothesized that elevated lysosomal pH(More)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) faces the photoreceptor outer segments and regulates the composition of the interstitial subretinal space. ATP enhances fluid movement from the subretinal space across the RPE. RPE cells can themselves release ATP, but the mechanisms and polarity of this release are unknown. The RPE expresses the cystic fibrosis(More)
Increased hydrostatic pressure can damage neurons, although the mechanisms linking pressure to neurochemical imbalance or cell injury are not fully established. Throughout the body, mechanical perturbations such as shear stress, cell stretching, or changes in pressure can lead to excessive release of ATP. It is thus possible that increased pressure across(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) triggers a multitude of pathophysiological events that are tightly regulated by the expression levels of specific genes. Recent studies suggest that changes in gene expression following neural injury can result from the dysregulation of microRNAs, short non-coding RNA molecules that repress the translation of target mRNA. To(More)
Trauma to the spinal cord causes permanent disability to more than 180,000 people every year worldwide. The initial mechanical damage triggers a complex set of secondary events involving the neural, vascular, and immune systems that largely determine the functional outcome of the spinal cord injury (SCI). Cellular and biochemical mechanisms responsible for(More)
Throughout the body, mechanical perturbations are transduced into neurochemical signals by the release of ATP from non-neuronal cells. As an increased intraocular pressure (IOP) can initiate mechanical changes, we hypothesized that extracellular levels of ATP might be increased in the anterior chamber of human patients with primary acute angle closure(More)
Neurotransmitters are stored in synaptic vesicles, where they have been assumed to be in free solution. Here we report that in Torpedo synaptic vesicles, only 5% of the total acetylcholine (ACh) or ATP content is free, and that the rest is adsorbed to an intravesicular proteoglycan matrix. This matrix, which controls ACh and ATP release by an ion-exchange(More)
We developed a heterologous system to study the effect of mechanical deformation on alveolar epithelial cells. First, isolated primary rat alveolar type II (ATII) cells were plated onto silastic substrata coated with fibronectin and maintained in culture under conditions where they become alveolar type I-like (ATI) cells. This was followed by a second set(More)