David Randall Armant

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During human placentation, extravillous cytotrophoblast cells emerge from chorionic villi contacting the decidua to invade the uterine wall. When isolated from first-trimester placentae, cytotrophoblast cells undergo step-wise differentiation in vitro that recapitulates the phenotypic heterogeneity observed in vivo. We examined a cell line, HTR-8/SVneo,(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-eclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy associated with poor extravillous cytotrophoblast invasion and above-normal rates of apoptosis in the trophoblast. Heparin-binding epidermal-growth-factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) has strong cytoprotective activity and is an important signalling protein that regulates trophoblast invasion during early(More)
Calcitonin secretion in the pregnant uterus is tightly regulated by the ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, which limit its expression to a brief period preceding blastocyst implantation. The binding of calcitonin to a G protein-coupled receptor activates adenylate cyclase and elevates cytosolic Ca2+ levels. The acceleration of preimplantation(More)
Embryo implantation involves the intimate interaction between an implantation-competent blastocyst and a receptive uterus, which occurs in a limited time period known as the window of implantation. Emerging evidence shows that defects originating during embryo implantation induce ripple effects with adverse consequences on later gestation events,(More)
The role of cleavage rates, number of embryos transferred, and some other variables in pregnancy outcome in 222 human embryo transfers was studied. Pregnancy rates were significantly higher in a group of 117 patients receiving at least one embryo that had reached the four-cell stage at 40 hr postinsemination (26% total pregnancies/transfer and 18% ongoing(More)
Embryonic expression of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor as well as embryonic and steroid-dependent uterine secretion of its ligand, heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), are temporally associated with the period of blastocyst implantation. We examined the temporal cell type-specific expression of HB-EGF in human endometrium during the(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF), which is expressed in the placenta during normal pregnancy, is down regulated in pre-eclampsia, a human pregnancy disorder associated with poor trophoblast differentiation and survival. This growth factor protects against apoptosis during stress, suggesting a role in trophoblast survival in the relatively low(More)
Lysolecithin was used to permeabilize embryonic cells to impermeant compounds without compromising embryo viability. Within 2 min of exposure to 0.05% lysolecithin, mouse morulae became permeable to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, leading to the release of calcium from intracellular stores. Although these morulae remained permeable for at least 2 h, they(More)
The process of mammalian implantation has been investigated using an in vitro model system wherein the trophoblast cells of mouse blastocysts attach to and outgrowth on tissue culture plates containing a complex medium. We now report that two extracellular matrix glycoproteins, fibronectin and laminin, when individually precoated on tissue culture plates(More)
Implanting mouse blastocysts adhere through their abembryonic surfaces to the endometrial extracellular matrix. Because blastocysts cultured on fibronectin in vitro dissociate to form trophoblast outgrowths, it is unclear whether this adhesion is initially mediated by fibronectin receptors on the apical or basolateral surface of the trophectoderm. Intact(More)