David R. Young

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The efficacy of spinosad against adult fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) on dogs was evaluated in three controlled, blinded studies. One study was conducted to determine speed of kill on experimentally infested dogs. Two additional studies were designed to assess the efficacy of spinosad in preventing environmental contamination with flea eggs (USA study and EU(More)
The inhibitory activities of fipronil (10% (w/v) solution), (S)-methoprene (9% (w/v) solution), and fipronil/(S)-methoprene (10 and 9% (w/v) solution, respectively) combination against eggs and emerging adult cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) and adulticidal activity were tested on experimentally infested dogs. Thirty-two Beagle dogs were selected for this(More)
Eleven controlled studies were conducted in the United States and Europe to evaluate the efficacy of a topical solution of emodepside (3 mg/kg)+praziquantel (12 mg/kg) (Profender®, Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany) against infection with various stages of the ascarid nematodes Toxocara cati and Toxascaris leonina. Infections were induced by administration of(More)
The ability of pesticides to repel or kill ticks before they attach to a host and feed is important for the prevention of tick born pathogens. A study design was developed to evaluate the transfer and attachment of ticks from the environment to dogs. Eighteen preconditioned laboratory dogs were allocated in to 3 treatment groups (6 dogs/group): Group 1- K9(More)
The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum, infests dogs and cats in North America and transmits the pathogens Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia ewingii, which cause monocytic and granulocytic ehrlichiosis in dogs and humans, and Cytauxzoon felis which causes cytauxzoonosis in cats. A parasiticide’s speed of kill is important to minimize the direct(More)
Spinosad is a novel mode-of-action insecticide produced from a family of natural products derived from fermentation of the actinomycete, Saccharopolyspora spinosa. Separate studies were undertaken to determine the minimum effective dose of spinosad given orally for the treatment of experimentally induced flea infestations (Ctenocephalides felis) on dogs,(More)
This paper reports the efficacy of emodepside/praziquantel spot–on (Profender®, Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany), a novel broadspectrum anthelmintic for dermal application, against L4 larvae and immature adult and adult stages of Ancylostoma tubaeforme in cats. The formulation contains 2.14% (w/w) emodepside and 8.58% (w/v) praziquantel, with emodepside being(More)
Hypervariable segments of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) (HV1 and HV2) were analyzed in Klinefelter's syndrome and compared to normal population data. One pair of samples consisting of a Japanese mother and affected son with Klinefelter's syndrome (involved in a criminal case), and seven unrelated DNA samples from Caucasian Klinefelter males (two involved in(More)
Seven controlled studies were conducted to investigate the efficacy of selamectin against weekly infestations of dogs with Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor variabilis. Treatments (selamectin or vehicle alone) were applied topically at weekly, 2-week, or monthly intervals or in a "Monthly Plus" regimen (monthly treatment with an additional treatment(More)