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We have examined 365 versions of Linux. For every version, we counted the number of instances of common (global) coupling between each of the 17 kernel modules and all the other modules in that version of Linux. We found that the number of instances of common coupling grows exponentially with version number. This result is significant at the 99.99% level,(More)
UNLABELLED BRIEF SUMMARY: We describe the use of adenosine-induced cardiac arrest to facilitate intracranial aneurysm clip ligation. BACKGROUND Cerebral aneurysms are highly variable which may result in difficult surgical exposure for clip ligation in select cases. Secure clip placement is often not feasible without temporarily decompressing the aneurysm.(More)
The increase in maintenance of software and the increased amounts of reuse are having major positive impacts on the quality of software, but are also introducing some rather subtle negative impacts on the quality. Instead of talking about existing problems (faults), developers now discuss " potential problems, " that is, aspects of the program that do not(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist used for short-term sedation of mechanically ventilated patients. The analgesic profile of dexmedetomidine has not been fully characterized in humans. METHODS This study was designed to compare the analgesic responses of six healthy male volunteers during stepwise(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring of the glossopharyngeal nerve has been performed only with needle electrodes inserted into the pharyngeal muscles or soft palate. We describe a noninvasive method of monitoring this cranial nerve. METHODS A 30-year-old man who presented with headache, as well as speech and swallowing difficulty,(More)
We present a case of tongue necrosis due to intraoperative pressure injury. A laryngeal mask airway with adhesive electrodes was inserted into the oropharynx, over an endotracheal tube, to facilitate glossopharyngeal nerve monitoring during craniotomy for a cerebellopontine angle tumor. The case, mechanisms of injury, and modifications to our current(More)