David R. Taylor

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PrP(C) (cellular prion protein) is located at the surface of neuronal cells in detergent-insoluble lipid rafts, yet is internalized by clathrin-dependent endocytosis. As PrP(C) is glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored, it requires a transmembrane adaptor protein to connect it to the clathrin endocytosis machinery. Using receptor-associated protein and(More)
Prions are the causative agent of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. In these prion diseases the normal cellular form of the prion protein (PrP(C)) undergoes a post-translational conformational conversion to the infectious form (PrP(Sc)). PrP(C) associates with cholesterol- and glycosphingolipid-rich(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is essential for the pathogenesis and transmission of prion diseases. Although PrP(C) is known to be located in detergent-insoluble lipid rafts at the surface of neuronal cells, the mechanism of its internalisation is unclear, with both raft/caveolae-based and clathrin-mediated processes being proposed. We have(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is essential for the pathogenesis and transmission of prion diseases. PrP(C) is bound to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor, although a secreted, soluble form has also been identified. Previously we reported that PrP(C) is subject to ectodomain shedding from the membrane by zinc(More)
Endoproteolysis of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) modulates both the normal function of the protein and the pathogenesis of the neurodegenerative prion diseases. PrP(C) undergoes alpha-cleavage to generate the N-terminally truncated fragment C1. Utilizing various constructs of PrP(C) expressed in human neuroblastoma cells we investigated the(More)
Zinc is released into the synaptic cleft upon exocytotic stimuli, although the mechanism for its reuptake into neurons is unresolved. Here we show that the cellular prion protein enhances the uptake of zinc into neuronal cells. This prion-protein-mediated zinc influx requires the octapeptide repeats and amino-terminal polybasic region in the prion protein,(More)
The cellular form of the prion protein, PrP(c), is critically required for the establishment of prion diseases, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Within the N-terminal half of PrP(c) are four octapeptide repeats that bind Cu(2+). Exposure of neuronal cells expressing PrP(c) to Cu(2+) results in the rapid endocytosis of the protein. First, PrP(c)(More)
The conformational conversion of the cellular form of the prion protein (PrP C) into the infectious form (PrP Sc) and the proteolytic processing of the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide are central pathogenetic events in the prion diseases and Alzheimer's disease, respectively. Cholesterol- and sphingolipid-rich lipid rafts have emerged as important sites for(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is critical for the development of prion diseases. However, the physiological role of PrP(C) is less clear, although a role in the cellular resistance to oxidative stress has been proposed. PrP(C) is cleaved at the end of the copper-binding octapeptide repeats through the action of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a process(More)