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BACKGROUND Islet transplantation offers the potential to improve glycemic control in a subgroup of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who are disabled by refractory hypoglycemia. We conducted an international, multicenter trial to explore the feasibility and reproducibility of islet transplantation with the use of a single common protocol (the Edmonton(More)
A group of 31 patients with transplant renal artery stenoses was identified among 2002 patients undergoing renal transplantation at the University of Minnesota; 29 of the stenoses were at the anastomosis. A total of 43 procedures were performed to correct the stenosis. Angioplasty was performed 25 times, with 3 patients cured and 2 patients improved; 20(More)
From December 16, 1966 to December 31, 2008 more than 30,000 pancreas transplants have been reported to the International Pancreas Transplant Registry (IPTR), including > 22,000 from the United States and > 8,000 from outside the US. This report focused on the most recent outcomes for pancreas transplants performed in the US, since we had reliable follow-up(More)
CONTEXT Islet allografts from 2 to 4 donors can reverse type 1 diabetes. However, for islet transplants to become a widespread clinical reality, diabetes reversal must be achieved with a single donor to reduce risks and costs and increase the availability of transplantation. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety of a single-donor, marginal-dose islet transplant(More)
BACKGROUND Technical failure (TF) rates remain high after pancreas transplants; while rates have decreased over the last decade, more than 10% of all pancreas grafts continue to be lost due to technical reasons. We performed a multivariate analysis to determine causes and risk factors for TF of pancreas grafts. RESULTS Between 1994 and 2003, 937 pancreas(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with type I diabetes mellitus who do not have uremia and have not received a kidney transplant, pancreas transplantation does not ameliorate established lesions of diabetic nephropathy within five years after transplantation, but the effects of longer periods of normoglycemia are unknown. METHODS We studied kidney function and(More)
In all, 473 renal transplants were performed at the University of Minnesota in 386 children 1-17 years old between August 14, 1963 and December 31, 1988. Standard immunosuppressive protocols, pretransplant blood transfusions, and discontinuation of routine splenectomy have led to improving graft and patient survival rates. Children receiving living-related(More)
We determined glomerular basement membrane (GBM) width (as the harmonic mean) and relative volumes of the glomerular mesangium and of its cellular and matrix components in 59 male (73% living-related) and 59 female (93% living-related) donors of kidneys for transplantation. The GBM, consistently wider in male (mean, 373 nm.) versus female (mean, 326 nm.)(More)
To evaluate the metabolic consequences of pancreas transplantation with systemic venous drainage on beta-cell function, we examined insulin and C-peptide responses to glucose and arginine in type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic pancreas recipients (n = 30), nondiabetic kidney recipients (n = 8), and nondiabetic control subjects (n = 28). Basal insulin levels(More)
The mesangium is more than simply a support structure for glomerular capillary circulation. Mesangial cells respond to various vasoactive mediators and probably contribute to the regulation of mesangial cell contractility and, consequently, glomerular perfusion. The surrounding extracellular matrix contains several glycoproteins and collagens that may(More)