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Acidic media trigger cytoplasmic urease activity of the unique human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. Deletion of ureI prevents this activation of cytoplasmic urease that is essential for bacterial acid resistance. UreI is an inner membrane protein with six transmembrane segments as shown by in vitro transcription/translation and membrane separation.(More)
ureI encodes an integral cytoplasmic membrane protein. It is present in the urease gene cluster of Helicobacter pylori and is essential for infection and acid survival, but its role is unknown. To determine the function of UreI protein, we produced H. pylori ureI deletion mutants and measured the pH dependence of urease activity of intact and lysed bacteria(More)
Glutathione peroxidase was extracted from calf trabecular meshwork. The kinetics of this enzyme were examined, varying the substrates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), tert- butylhydroperoxide ( tBHP ), and glutathione. The activity of the enzyme in nonpurified homogenates was 596 nmole H2O2 reduced/min/gm wet weight and 680 nmole tBHP reduced/min/gm wet weight(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is known to regulate gastric acid secretion and intestinal motility. In the present study, the pattern of distribution of PACAP and PACAP type 1 receptor (PAC1) immunoreactivities were examined in the rat stomach and distal colon using a specific polyclonal antibody raised against rat/human PAC1.(More)
Carcinogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) are thought to be necessary for development of cervical cancer. We assessed whether higher viral loads of such viruses predicted future risk of CIN3 or cancer (CIN3+) in a cohort of 20810 women followed up for 10 years with cytological screening. We measured the viral load for 13 types of carcinogenic HPV (relative(More)
Enucleated calf and primate eyes were perfused with either p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate (PCMBS) or p-chloromercuribenzene (PCMB). Both caused a decrease in aqueous outflow that did not result from inhibition of glycolysis in trabecular cells. Morphologic studies of PCMBS-treated primate eyes suggested that the reduction in aqueous outflow occurred as(More)
The anti-ulcer drugs that act as covalent inhibitors of the gastric acid pump are targeted to the gastric H+/K+ ATPase by virtue of accumulation in acid and conversion to the active sulfenamide. This results in extremely effective inhibition of acid secretion. Appropriate dosage is able to optimize acid control therapy for reflux and peptic ulcer disease as(More)
The regulation of acid secretion was clarified by the development of H2-receptor antagonists in the 1970s. It appears that gastrin and acetylcholine exert their effects on acid secretion mainly by stimulation of histamine release from the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell of the fundic gastric mucosa. The isolated ECL cell of rat gastric mucosa responds to(More)
The ligands interacting with enterochromaffin-like (ECL) and parietal cells and the signaling interactions between these cells were investigated in rabbit gastric glands using confocal microscopy. Intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) changes were used to monitor cellular responses. Histamine and carbachol increased [Ca(2+)](i) in parietal(More)