David R. Rovner

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Patient satisfaction measures have previously addressed satisfaction with medical care, satisfaction with providers, and satisfaction with outcomes, but not satisfaction with the health care decision itself. As patients become more involved in health care decisions, it is important to understand specific dynamics of the decision itself. The Satisfaction(More)
BACKGROUND Effective use of a patient decision aid (PtDA) can be affected by the user's health literacy and the PtDA's characteristics. Systematic reviews of the relevant literature can guide PtDA developers to attend to the health literacy needs of patients. The reviews reported here aimed to assess: METHODS We reviewed literature for evidence relevant(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the extent to which patient decision aids (PtDAs) meet effectiveness standards of the International Patient Decision Aids Collaboration (IPDAS). DATA SOURCES Five electronic databases (to July 2006) and personal contacts (to December 2006). RESULTS Among 55 randomized controlled trials, 38 (69%) used at least 1 measure that mapped(More)
This article reports on the International Patient Decision Aid Standards Symposium held in 2006 at the annual meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The symposium featured a debate regarding the proposition that "decision aids are the best way to improve clinical decision making.'' The formal debate addressed the(More)
BACKGROUND/METHOD Decision aids have not been widely tested in diverse audiences. The authors conducted interviews in a 2 x 2 race by education design with participants who were 50 years old (n = 188). The decision aid was a benign prostatic hyperplasia videotape. RESULTS There was an increase in knowledge equal in all groups, with baseline knowledge(More)
Peripheral plasma renin activity and aldosterone excretion rates have been measured in normal people during recumbency, recumbent exercise, tilting, and continuous ambulation. Upright posture induces a prompt elevation in peripheral plasma renin activity beginning in 15 minutes and peaking between 60 and 120 minutes. Aldosterone excretion is increased(More)
The relative blood pressure response and side effects of spironolactone (S), 400 mg/day, and hydrochlorothiazide (H), 100 mg/day, were evaluated in a double-masked crossed comparison. Subjects were 24 essential hypertensives, 13 normal and 11 with low renin activity. Upright renin levels were determined in the AM after 3 days of moderately low sodium diet(More)
Cost-effectiveness analyses were reviewed in the following diagnostic and treatment categories: acute myocardial infarction (MI) and diagnostic strategies for coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), congestive heart failure (CHF), and arrhythmias. In the case of acute(More)