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BACKGROUND Effective use of a patient decision aid (PtDA) can be affected by the user's health literacy and the PtDA's characteristics. Systematic reviews of the relevant literature can guide PtDA developers to attend to the health literacy needs of patients. The reviews reported here aimed to assess: METHODS We reviewed literature for evidence relevant(More)
BACKGROUND Decision aids (DA) to assist patients in evaluating treatment options and sharing in decision making have proliferated in recent years. Most require high literacy and do not use plain language principles. We describe one of the first attempts to design a decision aid using principles from reading research and document design. The plain language(More)
The findings of a preliminary analysis of data from a study now being conducted to design and evaluate an educational intervention to aid women in becoming more effective decision-makers regarding menopause, self-care strategies, and hormone replacement therapy (HRT), indicate that the lack of attention to the symptoms and health effects of menopause has(More)
BACKGROUND/METHOD Decision aids have not been widely tested in diverse audiences. The authors conducted interviews in a 2 x 2 race by education design with participants who were 50 years old (n = 188). The decision aid was a benign prostatic hyperplasia videotape. RESULTS There was an increase in knowledge equal in all groups, with baseline knowledge(More)
BACKGROUND We describe the results of cognitive interviews to refine the "Making Choices©" Decision Aid (DA) for shared decision-making (SDM) about stress testing in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS We conducted a systematic development process to design a DA consistent with International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS)(More)
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