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Transformed Russet Burbank and Lemhi Russet clones which contained three different transgene constructs were evaluated for performance under field conditions in Idaho. The transgenic lines were characterized over two growing seasons, using plants grown from both greenhouse produced minitubers (first year) and field grown seed (second year). Individual(More)
Five cDNAs encoding a putative soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) from potato were isolated and characterized. The cDNAs contained open reading frames encoding 36 kDa polypeptides which were highly homologous to the carboxy terminal region of mammalian sEH. When one of the cDNAs was expressed in a baculovirus system a soluble 38 kDa protein with epoxide(More)
Contour-clamped homogeneous electric field (CHEF) gel electrophoresis was used to separate intact, chromosome-size DNA of different species of Saccharomyces and Zygosaccharomyces. Strains of the same Saccharomyces species had similar electrophoretic karyotypes. However, reproducible differences between individual bands indicated that strain-specific(More)
The stress-induced expression of four different ubiquitin-encoding cDNAs was characterized in potato tuber tissue. The four clones exhibited differences in both structure and expression. The first cDNA encoded a single ubiquitin unit fused to an 80 amino acid ribosomal extension protein identical to the extension protein from tomato. Accumulation of the(More)
Steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs) are potentially harmful specialty metabolites found in Solanaceous plants. Two tri-glycosylated alkaloids, alpha-chaconine and alpha-solanine accumulate in potato tubers. Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were identified in the available database by searching for protein homology to the Sgt1 (SOLtu:Sgt1) steriodalalkaloid(More)
Binary plant transformation vectors are widely used for introduction of transgenes into plants via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. We report the construction of a binary plant vector pBINPLUS/ARS based on the pBINPLUS vector. Improvements introduced into pBINPLUS/ARS include the use of nonproprietary (ubiquitin-3 gene of Solanum(More)
To provide tools for breeders to control the steroidal glycoalkaloid (SGA) pathway in potato, we have investigated the steroidal alkaloid glycosyltransferase (Sgt) gene family. The committed step in the SGA pathway is the glycosylation of solanidine by either UDP-glucose or UDP-galactose leading to alpha-chaconine or alpha-solanine, respectively. The Sgt2(More)
Global climate change has the potential to quickly alter the distribution and profile of crop pests and pathogens. Ready tools for mobilization of resistance into elite crops will be part of an integrated strategy to maintain agricultural productivity. Engineered virus resistance through expression of coat protein is well established. The mechanisms of(More)
Blackspot bruise-induced changes in enzyme activity and gene expression were examined in the bruise susceptible cultivar Lemhi. The activities of several enzymes involved with the synthesis and metabolism of phenolic intermediates were examined over the time course of blackspot bruise development in tubers. A large, transient increase (200-fold) in(More)
Tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Estima) genetically modified to reduce polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and enzymatic discolouration were assessed for changes in the metabolome using Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (LC–MS) and Gas Chromatography (GC)–MS. Metabolome changes induced over a 48 hour (h) period by tuber wounding (sliced(More)