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Knowledge of the mechanistic basis of differential aluminum (Al) tolerance depends, in part, on an improved ability to quantify Al located in the apoplastic and symplastic compartments of the root apex. Using root tips excised from seedlings of an Al-tolerant wheat cultivar (Triticum aestivum L. cv Yecora Rojo) grown in Al solutions for 2 d, we established(More)
The effects of zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) deficiencies on phytosiderophore (PS) exudation by three barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars differing in Zn efficiency were assessed using chelator-buffered nutrient solutions. A similar study was carried out with four wheat (Triticum aestivum L. and T. durum Desf.) cultivars, including the Zn-efficient Aroona and(More)
Selenium (Se) has contaminated areas in the western USA where pollination is critical to the functioning of both agricultural and natural ecosystems, yet we know little about how Se can impact pollinators. In a two-year semi-field study, the weedy plant Raphanus sativus (radish) was exposed to three selenate treatments and two pollination treatments to(More)
Phytosiderophore release occurs under both iron and zinc deficiencies in representative Poaceae and has been speculated to be a general adaptive response to enhance the acquisition of micronutrient metals. To test this hypothesis, phytosiderophore (PS) release rates from barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. CM72) subjected to deficiencies of Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu were(More)
Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is an important agricultural pollinator in the United States and throughout the world. In areas of selenium (Se) contamination, honeybees may be at risk because of the biotransfer of Se from plant products such as nectar and pollen. Several forms of Se can occur in accumulating plants. In the present study, the(More)
Perchlorate is an environmental contaminant that is found in drinking water and a variety of foodstuffs, but many questions regarding its uptake, transport, and persistence in higher plants remain unanswered. In a series of hydroponic experiments, a stable-isotope tracer of perchlorate (95% 37ClO4(-)) was utilized to determine the extent of in vivo(More)
The resistance of some plants to Al (aluminium or aluminum) has been attributed to the secretion of Al(3+)-binding organic acid (OA) anions from the Al-sensitive root tips. Evidence for the 'OA secretion hypothesis' of resistance is substantial, but the mode of action remains unknown because the OA secretion appears to be too small to reduce adequately the(More)
To better understand the intrinsic reactivity of Cd, four soils having diverse sources of Cd contamination (total Cd: 22-34 mg kg(-1)) were investigated using a stable isotope dilution-sequential extraction procedure (SID-SEP) during a 59-week incubation. Samples were spiked with carrier-free 111Cd and periodically extracted into five operationally defined(More)