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The presence of a protein, rubber elongation factor (REF), which is tightly bound to serum-free rubber particles purified from Hevea brasiliensis latex, is necessary for prenyltransferases from a number of sources to add multiple cis-isoprene units to rubber molecules. These prenyltransferases show normal farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase activity (two trans(More)
Sequence profile and fold recognition methods identified mammalian purple acid phosphatase (PAP), a member of a dimetal-containing phosphoesterase (DMP) family, as a remote homolog of human acid sphingomyelinase (ASM). A model of the phosphoesterase domain of ASM was built based on its predicted secondary structure and the metal-coordinating residues of(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) accelerates atherosclerosis and induces abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in an experimental mouse model. Agonism of a G protein-coupled receptor by Ang II activates Rho-kinase and other signaling pathways and results in activation of proteolysis and apoptosis. Enhanced proteolysis and smooth muscle cell apoptosis are(More)
We have purified "rubber transferase" from latex of the commercial rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis and find that it is a dimer with a monomeric molecular mass of 38,000 Da, requires Mg2+, and is stabilized by thiols in agreement with studies of a partially purified preparation previously described (Archer, B. L., and Cockbain, E. G. (1969) Methods Enzymol.(More)
Endothelial thrombomodulin (TM) plays a critical role in hemostasis as a cofactor for thrombin-dependent formation of activated protein C, a potent anticoagulant. Chloramine T, H2O2, or hypochlorous acid generated from H2O2 by myeloperoxidase rapidly destroy 75-90% of TM cofactor activity. Activated PMN, the primary in vivo source of biological oxidants,(More)
A gene fragment encoding the extracellular domain of the human growth hormone (hGH) receptor from liver was cloned into a plasmid under control of the Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase promoter and the heat-stable enterotoxin (StII) signal peptide sequence. Strains of E. coli expressing properly folded hGH binding protein were identified by blotting(More)
Leukotriene A4 (LTA4) hydrolase catalyzes a rate-limiting final biosynthetic step of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent lipid chemotactic agent and proinflammatory mediator. LTB4 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, and thus LTA4 hydrolase is regarded as an attractive therapeutic target for(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the GTPase activated Rho/Rho-kinase pathway contributes angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy and vascular remodeling. We tested this hypothesis in vivo by determining the effects of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy, coronary vascular remodeling, and ventricular dysfunction.(More)
In Hevea brasiliensis, the rubber particle in the laticiferous vessel is the site of rubber (cis-1-4-polyisoprene) biosynthesis. A 14 kilodalton protein, rubber elongation factor (REF), is associated with the rubber particle in a ratio of one REF to one rubber molecule (Dennis M, Henzel W, Bell J, Kohr W, Light D [1989] J Biol Chem 264: 18618-18628; Dennis(More)