David R Lee

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Requirements for human Th17 differentiation in the context of activated dendritic cells (DCs) are still emerging. Here, we demonstrate that several Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands, particularly LPS and a synthetic lipoprotein, activate human DCs to direct increased human Th17 differentiation. Based on neutralization studies, IL1, IL6, and TGFbeta(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive fluctuations (CF) are defined as spontaneous alterations in cognition, attention and arousal. They are a recognised feature of the dementias, especially dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia. However, the accurate identification and assessment of CF presents a major clinical difficulty, with the(More)
INTRODUCTION Caring for people with dementia incurs significant stress for carers. Stress has been related to the duration of caring role, the number of weekly hours provided and severity of cognitive impairment. What remains less clear is the impact of neuropsychiatric symptoms and subtype of dementia on carer stress and this study aimed to examine these.(More)
In the Luangwa Valley, Zambia, persistent poverty and hunger present linked challenges to rural development and biodiversity conservation. Both household coping strategies and larger-scale economic development efforts have caused severe natural resource degradation that limits future economic opportunities and endangers ecosystem services. A model based on(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing prevalence of dementia will precipitate a significant burden in terms of the costs of caring for people with dementia over the next 30 years; sleep disturbances in dementia are an important factor contributing to this burden. METHODS We reviewed sleep disturbances in people with dementia and their carers and describe the various(More)
It is the Policy of Cornell University actively to support equality of educational and employment opportunity. No person shall be denied admission to any educational program or activity or be denied employment on the basis of any legally prohibited discrimination involving, but not limited to, such factors as race, color, creed, religion, national or ethnic(More)
OBJECTIVES Cognitive fluctuation (CF) is a common feature of dementia and a core diagnostic symptom for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). CF remains difficult to accurately and reliably detect clinically. This study aimed to develop a psychometric test that could be used by clinicians to facilitate the identification of CF and improve the recognition and(More)
To better understand the relative efficiencies of using different TLR ligand-activated DCs to induce human CD4(+) T lymphocyte responses, human DCs were activated with two viral and two bacterial TLR ligands, and their production of IL12, TNFalpha, and IL10 was examined. While the two viral TLR ligands (ssRNA and dsRNA) induced DC production of detectable(More)
Beta-lactamases represent the main bacterial mechanism of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and are a significant challenge to modern medicine. We have developed an automated classification and analysis protocol that exploits structure- and sequence-based approaches and which allows us to propose a grouping of serine beta-lactamases that more(More)