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OBJECTIVES The purposes of this study are to describe the quality of life and cognitive function in school-aged children who have undergone staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), and to identify factors that are predictive of neurodevelopmental outcome in this population. METHODS School-aged survivors with HLHS who had undergone(More)
OBJECTIVES The study objective was to determine whether gender is a determinant of in-hospital mortality after surgery to repair congenital heart disease in patients aged 20 years or less. Secondary objectives were to determine other factors associated with increased risk of death and whether female gender is associated with increased length of stay or(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate renal dysfunction (RD) after thoracic aortic surgery (TAS) requiring deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), to determine the influence of definition on RD after TAS-DHCA, to determine univariate predictors of RD after TAS-DHCA, and to determine multivariate predictors for RD TAS-DHCA. RD was defined(More)
Lidocaine in the epidural space, through inhibitory effects upon coagulation, may contribute to inefficacy of epidural autologous blood patch (EBP). This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of achievable epidural concentrations of lidocaine on blood coagulation as a step in testing this hypothesis. Ex vivo blood coagulation using whole blood (n =(More)
CONTEXT Preemptive analgesia can decrease the sensitization of the central nervous system that would ordinarily amplify subsequent nociceptive input, but a clear demonstration of its clinical efficacy is necessary for it to become a routine component of acute pain therapy. OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of preemptive epidural analgesia on postoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe clinical outcome after adult thoracic aortic surgery requiring standardized deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), to determine mortality and length of stay, neurologic outcome, cardiorespiratory outcome, and hemostatic and renal outcome after DHCA. DESIGN Retrospective and observational. SETTING(More)