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Transgenic mice were produced, carrying hybrid genes comprised of the ovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) milk protein gene promoter and human serum albumin (HSA) coding sequences.In situ hybridization revealed high levels of BLG/HSA hybrid mRNA, confined to the epithelial cells of the lactating mammary gland with a several hundred fold lower concentration in(More)
Two new beta-lactoglobulin (BLG)/human serum albumin (HSA) hybrid gene vectors were constructed and tested for expression in COS-7 cells and in transgenic mice. The HSA sequences were inserted between the second and sixth BLG exons. Transient transfection experiments with these vectors as well as a series of additional vectors with either the BLG 5'- or 3'-(More)
We studied the expression of human serum albumin (HSA) driven by the ovine beta-lactoglobulin promoter in the mammary glands of lactating mice from five independent transgenic strains, by employing combined in situ hybridization and immunostaining techniques. Four strains displayed a heterogeneous pattern of expression: mice of strains 91 and 92 expressed(More)
We compared the developmental pattern of expression of the sheep beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), the chimeric BLG/human serum albumin (HSA), and the endogenous murine beta-casein genes in the mammary gland of virgin, pregnant and lactating transgenic mice, both at the RNA (expression) and protein (synthesis and secretion) levels. The BLG and casein genes were(More)
The effect of co-integration of the entire beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) gene or matrix attachment region (MAR) sequences on the expression of various BLG/ human serum albumin (HSA) gene constructs was tested in transgenic mice. These former sequences were chosen because of their reported ability to insulate transgenes from the neighboring host genomic DNA(More)
Various agents are able to stimulate the EGF receptor protein tyrosine kinase in the absence of ligand binding. To characterize their mechanism of action, we investigated their effects on the kinase activity of the intracellular domain of the EGF receptor (EGFR-IC). EGFR-IC (67 kDa) lacking the extracellular domain and transmembrane segment of the EGF(More)
Phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) and GTPase activating protein (GAP) are substrates of EGF, PDGF and other growth factor receptors. Since either PLC-gamma or GAP also bind to the activated receptors it was suggested that their SH2 domains are mediating this association. We attempted to delineate the specific region of the EGF receptor that is responsible(More)
The binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to its cell surface receptor (EGF-R) results in a number of intracellular responses including the activation of the receptor intracellular tyrosine kinase. Receptor oligomerization induced by ligand binding has been suggested to play an important role in signal transduction. However, the mechanisms involved in(More)
The distribution of cyclic nucleotides on polytene chromosomes isolated from Drosophilia melanogaster salivary glands was examined by using an indirect immunofluorescent technique. With a fixative that minimized the loss of chromosomal proteins, cyclic GMP, but not cyclic AMP, was observed distributed along the chromosomes. The subchromosomal distribution(More)
We produced transgenic mice carrying the native sheep β-lactoglobulin (BLG) or fusion genes composed of the BLG promoter and human serum albumin (HSA) minigenes. BLG was expressed exclusively in the mammary glands of the virgin and lactating transgenic mice evaluated. In contrast, transgenic females carrying the BLG/HSA fusion constructs also expressed the(More)