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Cell proliferation, cell death, and pattern formation are coordinated in animal development. Although many proteins that control cell proliferation and apoptosis have been identified, the means by which these effectors are linked to the patterning machinery remain poorly understood. Here, we report that the bantam gene of Drosophila encodes a 21 nucleotide(More)
The Drosophila Sterile-20 kinase Slik promotes tissue growth during development by stimulating cell proliferation and by preventing apoptosis. Proliferation within an epithelial sheet requires dynamic control of cellular architecture. Epithelial integrity fails in slik mutant imaginal discs. Cells leave the epithelium and undergo apoptosis. The abnormal(More)
We report here the consequences of mutations of a novel locus, named bantam, whose product is involved in the regulation of growth in Drosophila. bantam mutant animals are smaller than wild type, due to a reduction in cell number but not cell size, and do not have significant disruptions in patterning. Conversely, overexpression of the bantam product using(More)
Amplification of the gene encoding multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and overexpression of its cognate mRNA have been detected in multidrug-resistant cell lines derived from several different tumor types. To establish whether or not the increase in MRP is responsible for drug resistance in these cell lines, we have transfected HeLa cells with(More)
The cDNA encoding ATP-binding cassette (ABC) multidrug resistance protein MRP1 was originally cloned from a drug-selected lung cancer cell line resistant to multiple natural product chemotherapeutic agents. MRP1 is the founder of a branch of the ABC superfamily whose members (from species as diverse as plants and yeast to mammals) share several(More)
Cells grow and divide rapidly during embryonic and postnatal development. Net tissue growth reflects the balance between the addition of new cells and the elimination of existing cells by programmed cell death. Cells compete for growth and survival factors to ensure an appropriate balance between the addition and elimination of cells. Elaborate mechanisms(More)
Cell proliferation and programmed cell death are closely controlled during animal development. Proliferative stimuli generally also induce apoptosis, and anti-apoptotic factors are required to allow net cell proliferation. Genetic studies in Drosophila have led to identification of a number of genes that control both processes, providing new insights into(More)
Monoclonal antibody QCRL-1 is highly specific for a defined linear epitope in a relatively poorly conserved region of the human multidrug resistance protein (MRP). We have used QCRL-1 to examine MRP expression in archival and fresh snap-frozen samples of untreated small cell (SC) and non-small cell (NSC) lung cancers (LCs), as well as normal lung. We found(More)
Dynamic regulation of cytoskeletal contractility through phosphorylation of the nonmuscle Myosin-II regulatory light chain (MRLC) provides an essential source of tension for shaping epithelial tissues. Rho GTPase and its effector kinase ROCK have been implicated in regulating MRLC phosphorylation in vivo, but evidence suggests that other mechanisms must be(More)
Multidrug resistance protein (MRP) is a Mr 190,000 integral membrane phosphoglycoprotein which has been shown by transfection studies to confer multidrug resistance. We have previously raised and characterized a panel of MRP-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) which detect distinct epitopes in the MRP molecule (D. R. Hipfner et A, Cancer Res., 54.(More)