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Prolactin is required for rapid onset of maternal behavior after parturition, inducing adaptive changes in the maternal brain including enhanced neurogenesis in the subventricular zone during pregnancy. The resultant increase in olfactory interneurons may be required for altered processing of olfactory cues during the establishment of maternal behavior.(More)
Leptin concentrations increase during pregnancy, but this does not prevent the pregnancy-induced increase in food intake, suggesting a state of leptin resistance. This study investigated the response to intracerebroventricular leptin administration in pregnant rats. After fasting, nonpregnant, d-7 and d-14 pregnant rats received leptin (4 microg) or(More)
The adipose-derived hormone leptin communicates information about metabolic status to the hypothalamic GnRH neuronal system. It is unclear whether leptin can act directly on GnRH neurons. To examine this, we used three approaches. First, the presence of leptin-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 activation was examined in GnRH neurons(More)
The hormone leptin modulates a diverse range of biological functions, including energy homeostasis and reproduction. Leptin promotes GnRH function via an indirect action on forebrain neurons. We tested whether leptin deficiency or leptin resistance due to a high-fat diet (HFD) can regulate the potent reproductive neuropeptide kisspeptin. In mice with(More)
Numerous studies have documented prolactin regulation of a variety of brain functions, including maternal behavior, regulation of oxytocin neurons, regulation of feeding and appetite, suppression of ACTH secretion in response to stress, and suppression of fertility. We have observed marked changes in expression of prolactin receptors in specific(More)
High prolactin during pregnancy, which is essential for normal postpartum maternal behavior, increases neurogenesis in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle (SVZ) of the maternal brain. Because SVZ mitogenesis generates new olfactory neurons and may contribute to perception of novel odorants, we hypothesized that the prolactin-induced increase in(More)
Both insulin and leptin action in the brain are considered to involve activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), although the roles of different PI3K isoforms in insulin signalling in the hypothalamus are unknown. In the present study, we characterised the roles of these isoforms in hypothalamic insulin and leptin signalling and investigated the(More)
Under most conditions, prolactin secretion from the pituitary gland is subject to negative-feedback regulation. Prolactin stimulates dopamine release from tuberoinfundibular (TIDA) neurones in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, which in turn suppresses the production of prolactin. However, during late pregnancy and continuing into lactation, this(More)
Magnocellular neurons of the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei (PVN) show considerable plasticity during pregnancy and lactation. Prolactin receptors (PRL-R) have been identified in both these nuclei. The aim of this study was to investigate the cell type(s) expressing mRNA for the long form of prolactin receptor (PRL-R(L)) and to determine(More)
Retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (rWAT) and subcutaneous (inguinal) white adipose tissue (iWAT) are both innervated and regulated by sympathetic efferents, but the distribution and identity of the cells in the brain that regulate sympathetic outflow are poorly characterized. Our aim was to use two isogenic strains of a neurotropic virus (pseudorabies,(More)