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In this paper, we report on the pharmacological and functional profile of SSR180711 (1,4-Diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylic acid, 4-bromophenyl ester), a new selective alpha7 acetylcholine nicotinic receptor (n-AChRs) partial agonist. SSR180711 displays high affinity for rat and human alpha7 n-AChRs (K(i) of 22+/-4 and 14+/-1 nM, respectively). Ex vivo(More)
We present herein the cloning of the human nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha9-ortholog and the identification of a new alpha-like subunit (alpha10) that shares 58% identity with alpha9. Whereas alpha10 fails to produce functional receptors alone, it promoted robust acetylcholine-evoked currents when coinjected with alpha9. The presence of alpha10(More)
We have shown that HIV budding occurs at cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains called lipid rafts (Nguyen and Hildreth, J Virol 2000;74:3264-3272). This observation prompted us to examine the role in HIV entry of cholesterol in the membrane of cells. We recently reported that host cell cholesterol is required for HIV infection (Liao et al., AIDS Res Hum(More)
Minocycline is a tetracycline family antibiotic that has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. These properties have shown promise in the treatment of conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Huntington disease, and multiple sclerosis. As lymphocyte activation is involved in the pathogenesis of many of these diseases, T cells are postulated to(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) invasion during acute-stage HIV-infection has been demonstrated in a small number of individuals, but there is no evidence of neurological impairment at this stage and virus infection in brain appears to be controlled until late-stage disease. Using our reproducible SIV macaque model to examine the earliest stages of infection(More)
Barrier-to-autointegration factor (BAF) is a conserved human chromatin protein exploited by retroviruses. Previous investigators showed that BAF binds double-stranded DNA nonspecifically and is a host component of preintegration complexes (PICs) isolated from cells infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) or Moloney murine leukemia virus.(More)
The Ig-like transcript (ILT) 7 is a surface molecule selectively expressed by human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). ILT7 cross-linking suppresses pDC activation and type I IFN (IFN-I) secretion following TLR7/9 engagement. The bone marrow stromal cell Ag 2 (BST2, aka HM1.24, tetherin, or CD317) is expressed by different cell types upon exposure to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study set out to establish why some new doctors view their training as a valuable period in their professional development, whereas others see it as a year to be endured and survived. METHODS This multi-method case study focused on the interaction of key participants within 1 deanery, sampling the 237 pre-registration house officers (PRHOs)(More)
Despite wide spread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in developed countries, approximately half of HIV-infected patients will develop impairments in cognitive function. Accumulating evidence suggests that neuronal dysfunction can be precipitated by HIV-infection of macrophages by mechanisms that involve alterations in innate and adaptive(More)
Gametogenesis and fertilization play crucial roles in malaria transmission. While male gametes are thought to be amongst the simplest eukaryotic cells and are proven targets of transmission blocking immunity, little is known about their molecular organization. For example, the pathway of energy metabolism that power motility, a feature that facilitates(More)