David R. Gies

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Formation of th neuromuscular junction depends upon reciprocal inductive interactions between the developing nerve and muscle, resulting in the precise juxtaposition of a differentiated nerve terminal with a highly specialized patch on the muscle membrane, termed the motor endplate. Agrin is a nerve-derived factor that can induced molecular reorganizations(More)
While a number of growth factors have been described that are highly specific for particular cell lineages, neither a factor nor a receptor uniquely specific to the skeletal muscle lineage has previously been described. Here we identify a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) specific to skeletal muscle, which we term "MuSK" for muscle-specific kinase. MuSK is(More)
Nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) are the three members of the neurotrophin family known to exist in mammals. Recently, a fourth neurotrophin (designated neurotrophin-4 or NT-4), which shares all of the features found in the mammalian neurotrophins, has been identified in Xenopus and viper. We used sequences(More)
We have identified transcripts encoding several different forms of rat TrkC, a member of the Trk family of receptor tyrosine kinases that serves as a receptor for neurotrophin-3. Some forms of TrkC lack the intracytoplasmic kinase domain and thus resemble previously defined truncated variants of TrkB. Other forms of TrkC contain variable-sized amino acid(More)
Muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) is part of the receptor complex that is involved in the agrin-induced formation of the neuromuscular junction. In the rodent, prominent mRNA expression of MuSK is restricted to skeletal muscle while the expression of agrin can also be detected in brain and certain nonneuronal tissues. The recent identification of Xenopus MuSK(More)
Complement plays a significant role in mediating endothelial injury following oxidative stress. We have previously demonstrated that the lectin complement pathway (LCP), which is initiated by deposition of the mannose-binding lectin (MBL), is largely responsible for activating complement on endothelial cells following periods of oxidative stress.(More)
We report the identification of ligands for Tyro 3 (alternatively called Sky, rse, brt, or tif) and Axl (alternatively, Ark or UFO), members of a previously orphan family of receptor-like tyrosine kinases. These ligands correspond to protein S, a protease regulator that is a potent anticoagulant, and Gas6, a protein related to protein S but lacking any(More)
Ab-mediated rejection (AMR) remains the primary obstacle in presensitized patients following organ transplantation, as it is refractory to anti-T cell therapy and can lead to early graft loss. Complement plays an important role in the process of AMR. In the present study, a murine model was designed to mimic AMR in presensitized patients. This model was(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of the complement cascade at C5 prevents formation of pro-inflammatory molecules C5a and C5b-9, which play a key role in allograft rejection. The present study was undertaken to determine whether blocking terminal complement with anti-C5 monoclonal antibody (mAb) alone or combined with cyclosporine (CsA) would prevent acute vascular(More)
We explored whether a functionally blocking anti-C5 monoclonal antibody (mAb) combined with T- and B-cell immunosuppression can successfully prevent antibody-mediated (AMR) and cell-mediated rejection (CMR) in presensitized murine recipients of life-supporting kidney allografts. To mimic the urgent clinical features of AMR experienced by presensitized(More)