David R. Gater

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INTRODUCTION The objectives of this descriptive study were (a) to determine the energy expenditure of activities commonly performed by individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) and summarize this information and (b) to measure resting energy expenditure and establish the value of 1 MET for individuals with SCI. METHODS One-hundred seventy adults with(More)
Several body composition and metabolic-associated disorders such as glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and lipid abnormalities occur prematurely after spinal cord injury (SCI) and at a higher prevalence compared to able-bodied populations. Within a few weeks to months of the injury, there is a significant decrease in total lean mass, particularly(More)
PURPOSE This pilot work was conducted to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation resistance training (RT) of the paralyzed knee extensor muscle groups on skeletal muscle and intramuscular fat (IMF) cross-sectional areas, trunk visceral adipose tissue (VAT), carbohydrate, and lipid profiles in men with spinal cord injury. METHODS Nine(More)
STUDY DESIGN Correlation study. OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of oral baclofen on body composition (fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM)), extra- and intracellular fluid compartments and glucose homeostasis (plasma glucose and plasma insulin concentrations) in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) after controlling for spasticity. SETTINGS(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE To examine diabetes prevalence, care, complications, and characteristics of veterans with a spinal cord injury or disorder (SCI/D). METHODS A national survey of veterans with an SCI/D was conducted using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey questions. Data were compared with national Centers for Disease Control(More)
Termination of motor rehabilitation is often recommended as patients with cerebrovascular accident (CVA) become more chronic and/or when they fail to respond positively to motor rehabilitation (commonly termed a "plateau"). Managed-care programs frequently reinforce this practice by restricting care to patients responding to therapy and/or to the most acute(More)
OBJECTIVE A frequent cause of mortality in spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI&D) is cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obesity and high blood pressure (BP) are modifiable risk factors for CVD. DESIGN Retrospective review of clinical and administrative data for 7959 veterans with SCI&D. Data elements included height, weight, blood pressure, demographics,(More)
This study examined the relationship among regional and relative adipose tissue distribution, glucose, and lipid metabolism in men with spinal cord injury (SCI). After overnight fasting, 32 individuals with motor complete tetraplegia (Tetra) (n = 7) and paraplegia (Para) (n = 25) underwent resting energy expenditure and measurement of serum lipid profile,(More)
OBJECTIVES (i) To determine the intra-rater reliability and precision of the ultrasound cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements of the wrist extensors in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), and (ii) to determine whether tetraplegia has a negative influence on the reliability and precision for these measurements. DESIGN A repeated-measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the longitudinal performance of a surgically implanted neuroprosthesis for lower-extremity exercise, standing, and transfers after spinal cord injury. DESIGN Case series. SETTING Research or outpatient physical therapy departments of 4 academic hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Subjects (N=15) with thoracic or low cervical level spinal(More)