David R. Garrod

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We used antibodies raised against individual desmosomal components to study calcium-induced desmosome formation in human keratinocytes. When keratinocytes are forced to grow as a monolayer by reducing the level of calcium ions in the culture medium, there is little contact between adjacent cells. Raising the level of calcium ions rapidly induces desmosome(More)
Desmosome assembly may be induced in simple epithelial (MDBK and MDCK) cells maintained in low calcium medium (LCM: [Ca2+] less than 0.05 mM) by raising [Ca2+] to that of standard culture medium (SM: [Ca2+] = 1.8 mM). Here it is shown that if cells in SM are simply returned to LCM, their desmosomes split in the intercellular region within 15 min and the(More)
Initiation of reepithelialization upon wounding is still poorly understood. To enhance this understanding, we focus here on changes in the adhesive state of desmosomes of cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney cells in response to wounding of confluent cell sheets. Previous results show that desmosomal adhesion in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells changes from a(More)
Desmosomes are intercellular junctions of epithelia and are of widespread importance in the maintenance of tissue architecture. We provide evidence that desmosomal adhesion has a function in epithelial morphogenesis and cell-type-specific positioning. Blocking peptides corresponding to the cell adhesion recognition (CAR) sites of desmosomal cadherins block(More)
The desmosomal cadherin desmocollin (Dsc)1 is expressed in upper epidermis where strong adhesion is required. To investigate its role in vivo, we have genetically engineered mice with a targeted disruption in the Dsc1 gene. Soon after birth, null mice exhibit flaky skin and a striking punctate epidermal barrier defect. The epidermis is fragile, and(More)
The behaviour, during the multicellular phase of the life-cycle, of amoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum grown indifferent media is described. Amoebal populations were marked by growthtemperature-sensitive genetic lesions which do not interfere with developmental phenomena. The fate of cell populations was determined by measuring the relative number of(More)
Members of the armadillo protein gene family, which includes plakoglobin and beta-catenin, have important functions in cytoskeleton/cell membrane interactions. These proteins may act as linker molecules at adherens junctions and desmosomes at the plasma membrane; in addition, they may have pivotal roles in signal transduction pathways and significant(More)
New evidence from blocking desmosomal adhesion with anti-adhesion peptides reveals a role for desmosomes in cell positioning in morphogenesis. Desmosomal adhesion is necessary for the stability of adherens junctions in epithelial cell sheets. Knockout and mis-expression of desmosomal cadherins in mice suggests that they may function directly or indirectly(More)
Recent biochemical and molecular approaches have begun to establish the protein interactions that lead to desmosome assembly. To determine whether these associations occur in native desmosomes we have performed ultrastructural localisation of specific domains of the major desmosomal components and have used the results to construct a molecular map of the(More)
Desmosomal proteins (dp1-4) and glycoproteins (dg1-3) have been localised within desmosomes of bovine nasal epithelium by immunogold labelling of ultrathin frozen sections. Beginning in the extracellular space and proceeding through the plaque to the tonofilaments, the following localisations were found. Labelling for the 130,000 and 115,000 Mr(More)