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Desmosomes and hemidesmosomes are extremely different in their molecular composition. Most of the protein and glycoprotein components are products of members of multigene families, but show specialization for plaque formation and intermediate filament attachment. Desmosomal glycoproteins are more heterogeneous than previously suspected, with different(More)
Kidney epithelia have separate origins; collecting ducts develop by ureteric bud growth and arborisation, nephrons by induced mesenchyme-epithelium transition. Both express sulphated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) which are strikingly upregulated during nephron differentiation. However, sodium chlorate, an inhibitor of GAG sulphation, and the GAG-degrading(More)
Desmosomes are intercellular junctions of epithelia and cardiac muscle. They resist mechanical stress because they adopt a strongly adhesive state in which they are said to be hyper-adhesive and which distinguishes them from other intercellular junctions; desmosomes are specialised for strong adhesion and their failure can result in diseases of the skin and(More)
We used antibodies raised against individual desmosomal components to study calcium-induced desmosome formation in human keratinocytes. When keratinocytes are forced to grow as a monolayer by reducing the level of calcium ions in the culture medium, there is little contact between adjacent cells. Raising the level of calcium ions rapidly induces desmosome(More)
Kidney tubules develop by a mesenchyme-epithelium transition, normally induced by ureteric bud through a mechanism that remains obscure. Murine nephrogenesis in vitro has always required heterologous inducing cells. We have discovered that Li+ can elicit the early stages of epithelial differentiation in isolated nephrogenic mesenchyme. We have made detailed(More)
Desmosomal adhesion is important for the integrity and protective barrier function of the epidermis and is disregulated during carcinogenesis. Strong adhesion between keratinocytes is conferred by the desmosomal cadherins, desmocollin (Dsc) and desmoglein. These constitute two gene families, members of which are differentially expressed in epidermal strata.(More)
Members of the armadillo protein gene family, which includes plakoglobin and beta-catenin, have important functions in cytoskeleton/cell membrane interactions. These proteins may act as linker molecules at adherens junctions and desmosomes at the plasma membrane; in addition, they may have pivotal roles in signal transduction pathways and significant(More)
House dust mite (HDM) allergens are important factors in the increasing prevalence of asthma. The lung epithelium forms a barrier that allergens must cross before they can cause sensitization. However, the mechanisms involved are unknown. Here we show that the cysteine proteinase allergen Der p 1 from fecal pellets of the HDM Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus(More)
The desmosomal cadherin desmocollin (Dsc)1 is expressed in upper epidermis where strong adhesion is required. To investigate its role in vivo, we have genetically engineered mice with a targeted disruption in the Dsc1 gene. Soon after birth, null mice exhibit flaky skin and a striking punctate epidermal barrier defect. The epidermis is fragile, and(More)