David R. G. Parr

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Assessment of emphysema-modifying therapy is difficult, but newer outcome measures offer advantages over traditional methods. The EXAcerbations and Computed Tomography scan as Lung End-points (EXACTLE) trial explored the use of computed tomography (CT) densitometry and exacerbations for the assessment of the therapeutic effect of augmentation therapy in(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to investigate whether computed tomography (CT) densitometry can be applied consistently in different centers; and to evaluate the reproducibility of densitometric quantification of emphysema by assessment of different sources of variation, ie, intersite, interscan and inter- and intraobserver variability, in(More)
The fundamental importance of calibration for any measuring device is indisputable, but computed tomography (CT) calibration in longitudinal lung densitometry studies is largely unexplored. Although the validity of CT as a measure of emphysema has been confirmed in cross-sectional studies, there are limited data on long-term reproducibility, and this is(More)
In patients with airflow limitation caused by cigarette smoking, lung density measured by computed tomography is strongly correlated with quantitative pathology scores of emphysema, but the ability of lung densitometry to detect progression of emphysema is disputed. We assessed the sensitivity of lung densitometry as a parameter of disease progression of(More)
Background: Lung densitometry derived from computed tomographic images offers an opportunity to quantify emphysema non-invasively, but a pathological standard cannot be applied to validate its use in longitudinal monitoring studies. Consequently, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) remains the standard against which new methods must be judged. We(More)
RATIONALE alpha(1)-Antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is associated with increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in particular emphysema, but airway disease is less well described. OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of airways disease in subjects with AAT deficiency and to identify the relationship between radiological airway(More)
INTRODUCTION CT density correlates with quality of life (QOL) scores and impaired upper zone lung density associates with higher mortality in alpha one antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD). We hypothesised that decline in CT densitometry would relate to survival or deterioration in QOL in A1ATD. METHODS All augmentation naïve PiZZ patients in the UK A1ATD(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT) lung densitometry has been demonstrated to be the most sensitive and specific outcome measure for the assessment of emphysema-modifying therapy, but the optimum densitometric index has yet to be determined and targeted sampling may be more sensitive than whole lung assessment. The EXAcerbations and CT scan as Lung(More)
BACKGROUND Computer tomography (CT) densitometry is a potential tool for detecting the progression of emphysema but the optimum methodology is uncertain. The level of inspiration affects reproducibility but the ability to adjust for this variable is facilitated by whole lung scanning methods. However, emphysema is frequently localised to sub-regions of the(More)
BACKGROUND Lung densitometry derived from computed tomographic images offers an opportunity to quantify emphysema non-invasively, but a pathological standard cannot be applied to validate its use in longitudinal monitoring studies. Consequently, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) remains the standard against which new methods must be judged. We(More)