David R. F. Leach

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  • D R Leach
  • BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular…
  • 1994
Long DNA palindromes pose a threat to genome stability. This instability is primarily mediated by slippage on the lagging strand of the replication fork between short directly repeated sequences close to the ends of the palindrome. The role of the palindrome is likely to be the juxtaposition of the directly repeated sequences by intra-strand base-pairing.(More)
Hairpin structures can inhibit DNA replication and are intermediates in certain recombination reactions. We have shown that the purified SbcCD protein of Escherichia coli cleaves a DNA hairpin. This cleavage does not require the presence of a free (3' or 5') DNA end and generates products with 3'-hydroxyl and 5'-phosphate termini. Electron microscopy of(More)
Long DNA palindromes are sites of genome instability (deletions, amplification, and translocations) in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In Escherichia coli, genetic evidence has suggested that they are sites of DNA cleavage by the SbcCD complex that can be repaired by homologous recombination. Here we obtain in vivo physical evidence of an(More)
The recombination mechanisms that deal with double-strand breaks in organisms as diverse as phage, bacteria, yeast, and humans are remarkably conserved. We discuss conservation in the biochemical pathways required to recombine DNA ends and in the structure of the DNA products. In addition, we highlight that two fundamentally distinct broken DNA substrates(More)
Mre11-Rad50 (MR) proteins are encoded by bacteriophage, eubacterial, archeabacterial and eukaryotic genomes, and form a complex with a remarkable protein architecture. This complex is capable of tethering the ends of DNA molecules, possesses a variety of DNA nuclease, helicase, ATPase and annealing activities, and performs a wide range of functions within(More)
BACKGROUND Long DNA palindromes have the potential to adopt hairpin or cruciform secondary structures that inhibit DNA replication. In Escherichia coli, this palindrome-mediated inviability results from the activity of the sbcC and sbcD genes, and genetic observations have suggested that they may encode a nuclease. Mutations in these genes also restore the(More)
The Holliday junction is a central intermediate in homologous recombination. It consists of a four-way structure that can be resolved by cleavage to give either the crossover or noncrossover products observed. We show here that the formation of these products is controlled by the E. coli resolvasome (RuvABC) in such way that double-strand break repair(More)
SbcCD and other Mre11/Rad50 (MR) complexes are implicated in the metabolism of DNA ends. They cleave ends sealed by hairpin structures and have been postulated to play roles in removing protein bound to DNA termini. Here we provide direct evidence that the Escherichia coli MR complex (SbcCD) removes protein from a protein-bound DNA end by inserting a(More)