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A proposed mechanism for sorting secretory proteins into granules for release via the regulated secretory pathway in endocrine-neuroendocrine cells involves binding the proteins to a sorting receptor at the trans-Golgi network, followed by budding and granule formation. We have identified such a sorting receptor as membrane-associated carboxypeptidase E(More)
The processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) was examined in GH3 cells, a rat sommatomammotrope cell line, by transiently-transfecting the cells with mouse POMC cDNA. The peptide products were extracted, chromatographed on HPLC and identified by specific radioimmunoassay. POMC was processed to generate ACTH-related peptides, beta-endorphin and Lys-gamma 3-(More)
Oxytocin is widely believed to be present and structurally identical in all placental mammals. Here, we report that multiple species of New World monkeys possess a novel form of oxytocin, [P8] oxytocin. This mutation arises from a substitution of a leucine to a proline in amino acid position 8. Further analysis of this mutation in Saimiri sciureus (squirrel(More)
The binding of pro-opiomelanocortin,(POMC), pro-insulin, pro-enkephalin and chromogranin A (CGA) to the regulated secretory pathway sorting receptor, carboxypeptidase E (CPE), in bovine pituitary secretory granule (SG) membranes was investigated. N-POMC1-26, which contains the POMC sorting signal, bound to CPE in the SG membranes with low affinity and the(More)
The objective was to characterize the urinary oxytocin (OT) system with the goal of using it as a biomarker for neurohypophyseal peptide secretion. We studied urinary OT secretion in mice under three conditions: (1) in OT gene deletion mice (OT -/-) which lack the ability to produce the peptide; (2) after arterial vascular infusion of OT and (3) after(More)
Peptide hormones, neuropeptides, and other molecules such as the granins are specifically packaged into granules of the regulated secretory pathway and released in a calcium-dependent manner upon stimulation. Many of these molecules are synthesized as larger precursors (prohormones) that are processed to biologically active products within the granules. It(More)
Pro-vasopressin and pro-oxytocin are prohormones processed in the neurointermediate lobe pituitary to form the biologically active peptide hormones, arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin. Neurointermediate lobe pituitaries from normal (+/+), heterozygous (+/-), PC2-Null (-/-), PC1/3-Null and oxytocin-Null mice were analyzed by SELDI-TOF mass spectroscopy(More)
The objective was to determine the feasibility of using a radioactive capture method (Fuji FLA 2000) and image analysis system for the measurement of peptide mRNA levels in specific brain regions in mice. As a test mRNA, we chose vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) because they are expressed in abundance in the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) and(More)
The modulation of serotonin uptake kinetics by Na+, Cl-, H+, and K+ was investigated in brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from normal human term placentas. The presence of Na+ and Cl- in the external medium was mandatory for the function of the serotonin transporter. In both cases, the initial uptake rate of serotonin was a hyperbolic function of the(More)
Previous results showed that angiotensin (Ang) AT1a and AT1b receptor mRNA are expressed in mouse hypothalamus (HYP), brainstem (BS) and anterior pituitary (PIT). To extend these findings, we developed a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to differentiate and quantify Ang AT1a and AT1b mRNA in mouse brain. An experiment was conducted in male(More)