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Rhythmic movement coordination exhibits characteristic patterns of stability, specifically that movements at 0 degrees mean relative phase are maximally stable, 180 degrees is stable but less so than 0 degrees, and other coordinations are unstable without training. Recent research has demonstrated a role for perception in creating this pattern; perceptual(More)
The current studies explore the informational basis of the coupling in human rhythmic movement coordination tasks. Movement stability in these tasks is an asymmetric U-shaped function of mean relative phase; 0 degrees is maximally stable, 90 degrees is maximally unstable and 180 degrees is intermediate. Bingham (2001, 2004a, 2004b) hypothesized that the(More)
Relative phase has been studied extensively as a measure of interlimb coordination. Only two relative phases, namely 0 degrees and 180 degrees, are stably produced at the preferred frequency (approximately 1 Hz). When frequency is increased, movement at 180 degrees becomes unstable and relative phase typically switches to 0 degrees, which remains stable at(More)
Synchronous coordination between two body segments departs from phase locking at 0 or pi radians when the segments are asymmetrical. In models of coordination dynamics, this detuning is typically quantified by Deltaomega = (omega1 - omega2), where omega1 and omega2 are the uncoupled frequencies of the two segments. An experiment is reported in which the(More)
OBJECT In this investigation the authors compared impairment and functional outcomes between two groups of children with cerebral palsy (CP): one group underwent selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) followed by intensive physical therapy (PT), and the other group underwent the latter only (PT group). Data from an age-matched group of children without disability(More)
UNLABELLED The matrix (MA) domain of HIV-1 mediates proper Gag localization and membrane binding via interaction with a plasma-membrane (PM)-specific acidic phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]. HIV-1 MA also interacts with RNA, which prevents Gag from binding to membranes containing phosphatidylserine, a prevalent cellular(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective was to determine whether endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has a role in the management of obstructive hydrocephalus in aetiologies other than idiopathic aqueduct stenosis (AS) in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS In addition to reviewing the literature, we performed a retrospective analysis of our endoscopy database, which was(More)
OBJECT The authors analyzed the role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) as a primary treatment for hydrocephalus and also as an alternative to shunt revision for malfunctioning and infected ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. METHODS A retrospective analysis of clinical notes, operation records, and magnetic resonance imaging procedures before and(More)
Interlimb coordination is subject to constraints. One major constraint has been described as a tendency for homologous muscle groups to be activated simultaneously. Another has been described as a biasing of limb segments to movement in the same direction. In 2 experiments, the 2 constraints were placed in opposition: In-phase or antiphase contraction of(More)
BACKGROUND Findings from previous studies suggest gender may affect the pattern of hip and lumbopelvic motion during a multi-segmental movement. To date, no studies have examined movement patterns and low back pain symptom behavior during hip lateral rotation. METHODS Forty-six people (27 males and 19 females) with low back pain were examined.(More)