David C Randall8
Richard O Speakman4
8David C Randall
4Richard O Speakman
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  • David M Buchner, Jennifer Bishop, Mph, David R Brown, Janet E Fulton, Deborah A Galuska +32 others
  • 2008
I am pleased to present the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, the first comprehensive guidelines on physical activity ever to be issued by the Federal government. This document is intended to be a primary source of information for policy makers, physical educators, health providers, and the public on the amount, types, and intensity of(More)
Presenting a 15-s pulsed tone, the conditional stimulus (CS(+)), followed by 0.5-s tail shock, to a well-trained rat causes a sudden, but transient, pressor response (C(1)). Blood pressure (BP) then drops before increasing again (C(2)). A steady tone of the same frequency never followed by a shock (a discriminative stimulus, or CS(-)) evokes a C(1) but not(More)
Oxidative stress and misfolding of the prion protein (PrP(C)) are fundamental to prion diseases. We have therefore probed the effect of oxidation on the structure and stability of PrP(C). Urea unfolding studies indicate that H(2)O(2) oxidation reduces the thermodynamic stability of PrP(C) by as much as 9 kJ/mol. (1)H-(15)N NMR studies indicate methionine(More)
Parkinson's disease and a number of other neurodegenerative diseases have been linked to either genetic mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene or show evidence of aggregates of the alpha-synuclein protein, sometimes in the form of Lewy bodies. There currently is no clear evidence of a distinct neurotoxic species of alpha-synuclein to explain the death of(More)
Severe spinal cord injuries above mid-thoracic levels can lead to a potentially life-threatening hypertensive condition termed autonomic dysreflexia, which is often triggered by painful distension of pelvic viscera (bladder or bowel) and consequent sensory fiber activation, including nociceptive C-fibers. Interruption of tonically active medullo-spinal(More)
Opioid drugs have profound antidiarrheal and constipating actions in the intestinal tract and are effective in mitigating abdominal pain. Mediators of intestinal inflammation and allergy produce increased mucosal secretion, altered bowel motility and pain due to their ability to evoke enteric secretomotor reflexes through primary afferent neurons. In this(More)
Insertional mutations leading to expansion of the octarepeat domain of the prion protein (PrP) are directly linked to prion disease. While normal PrP has four PHGGGWGQ octapeptide segments in its flexible N-terminal domain, expanded forms may have up to nine additional octapeptide inserts. The type of prion disease segregates with the degree of expansion.(More)