Learn More
A proposal is put forth to unify the nomenclature of the CCN family of secreted, cysteine rich regulatory proteins. In the order of their description in the literature, CCN1 (CYR61), CCN2 (CTGF), CCN3 (NOV), CCN4 (WISP-1), CCN5 (WISP-2), and CCN6 (WISP-3) constitute a family of matricellular proteins that regulate cell adhesion, migration, proliferation,(More)
Production of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2, also known as CTGF) is a hallmark of hepatic fibrosis. This study examined early primary cultures of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) for (i) CCN2 regulation of its cognate receptor integrin subunits; and (ii) interactions between CCN2 and integrin α(5)β(1), heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPG) or(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) exert both pro- and antiangiogenic functions by the release of cytokines or proteolytically generated angiogenic inhibitors from extracellular matrix and basement membrane remodeling. In the Mmp2-/- mouse neovascularization is greatly reduced, but the mechanistic aspects of this remain unclear. Using isotope-coded affinity(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Leptin has profibrogenic effects in liver, although the mechanisms of this process are unclear. We sought to elucidate the direct and indirect effects of leptin on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS HSCs from Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to leptin and expression of collagen-I, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1(More)
In recent months, four different systems have been reported in the literature in which CCN2 transgenes were individually expressed in podocytes, hepatocytes, cardiomyocytes or respiratory epithelial cells to achieve overexpression in, respectively, the kidney, liver, heart, or lung. These transgenic systems have provided valuable information about the(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerotic blood vessels overexpress connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA, but the role of CTGF in atherosclerosis remains controversial. To assess the hypothesis that CTGF is involved in atherosclerotic plaque progression, we investigated CTGF protein expression and distribution in the different types of plaque morphology. METHODS(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CCN2) is a profibrotic factor acting downstream and independently of TGF-beta to mediate renal fibrosis. Although inflammation is often involved in the initiation and/or progression of fibrosis, the role of inflammatory cytokines in regulation of glomerular CCN2 expression, cellular proliferation, and extracellular matrix(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CCN2) is a major pro-fibrotic factor that frequently acts downstream of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)-mediated fibrogenic pathways. Much of our knowledge of CCN2 in fibrosis has come from studies in which its production or activity have been experimentally attenuated. These studies, performed both in vitro and(More)
For the second time, researchers from leading laboratories in the CCN field gathered in Saint-Malo, France, to participate in the Second International Workshop on the CCN family of genes. In addition to the regular research communications, meeting highlights included the inauguration of the first CCN newsletter (http://ccnnewsletter.free.fr) and the(More)