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PURPOSE Treatment access underlies quality cancer care. We hypothesize that mastectomy rates in a rural state are independently influenced by distance to radiation therapy (XRT) and by changing XRT access through opening new facilities. PATIENTS AND METHODS Early-stage breast cancer patients diagnosed from 1996 to 2000 were identified in the Virginia(More)
BACKGROUND Axillary node status remains the most important prognostic indicator of survival in breast cancer patients. Only 25% to 35% of patients having standard level I/II axillary dissection have involved nodes, yet all accept the potential for morbidity after the operation. This study was conducted to assess whether status of the sentinel node(s) was an(More)
Embryonic stem cells have been enormously important in the production of targeted mutations in mice used in the study of gene function and biological aspects of disease states. The use of these cells for mouse studies is now wide-spread but the production of animals from similar cell lines derived from other species has not been previously reported. We(More)
BACKGROUND National guidelines recommend one dose of perioperative antibiotics for breast surgery and discourage postoperative continuation. However, reported skin and soft tissue infection (SSI) rates after mastectomy range from 1-26 %, higher than expected for clean cases. Utility of routine or selective postoperative antibiotic use for duration of drain(More)
Advances in technology and changes in our understanding of tumor biology have allowed breast cancer treatment to evolve toward less disfiguring procedures. Noninvasive ablative therapy is a natural continuation of this trend. The following paper presents the concepts underpinning focused ultrasound ablation therapy for the treatment of breast cancer and(More)
The management of lobular neoplasia (LN) found on percutaneous core biopsy remains a clinical dilemma. The purpose of this study was to establish guidelines for the management of LN when obtained on percutaneous core needle biopsy. A retrospective review of the Breast Imaging Tissue Sampling Database at New York Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia Comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND More women with breast cancer who either have already had radiation therapy or will be getting radiation therapy as part of their treatment protocol are now seeking implant-based breast reconstruction. The literature on the success of this type of reconstruction in the setting of radiation injury is mixed. METHODS A single reconstructive(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas guidelines supporting breast MRI in high-risk screening exist, guidelines for MRI use in newly diagnosed breast cancer are lacking. We, therefore, conducted a study of breast surgeons to determine practice beliefs surrounding MRI use in newly diagnosed breast cancer. METHODS A survey sent to 2,274 American Society of Breast Surgeons(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) is a not uncommon complication after mastectomy, with a reported incidence between 20% and 68%. Careful dissection, the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques, and attempts to reduce the associated inflammatory and hyperalgesic responses are suggested methods to prevent CPSP. OBJECTIVE To determine if(More)