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Brown fat can increase energy expenditure and protect against obesity through a specialized program of uncoupled respiration. Here we show by in vivo fate mapping that brown, but not white, fat cells arise from precursors that express Myf5, a gene previously thought to be expressed only in the myogenic lineage. We also demonstrate that the transcriptional(More)
We have identified and mapped three members of a new family of vertebrate genes, designated Eya1, Eya2 and Eya3, which share high sequence similarity with the Drosophila eyes absent (eya) gene. Comparison of all three murine Eya gene products and that encoded by the Drosophila eya gene defines a 271 amino acid carboxyl terminal Eya domain, which has been(More)
Mice that are homozygous for the autosomal recessive chondrodysplasia (cho) mutation die at birth with abnormalities in cartilage of limbs, ribs, mandible, and trachea. Limb bones of newborn cho/cho mice are wider at the metaphyses than normal bones and only about half the normal length. By linkage analysis, the cho gene and the gene encoding the alpha 1(More)
Organizing centers in the developing brain provide an assortment of instructive patterning cues, including Sonic hedgehog (Shh). Here we characterize the forebrain phenotype caused by loss of Ttc21b, a gene we identified in an ENU mutagenesis screen as a novel ciliary gene required for retrograde intraflagellar transport. The Ttc21b mutant has defects in(More)
Genomic imprinting is a regulatory process that requires a cell to recognize the parental origin of alleles. To understand how these alleles are distinguished, we have assessed changes in the DNA methylation of an imprinted transgene as it switches from one inheritance pattern to another while moving through gametogenesis and embryogenesis. We find that(More)
In this paper we describe an image based object recognition and tracking method for mobile AR-devices and the correlative process to generate the required data. The object recognition and tracking base on the 3D-geometries of the related objects. Correspondings between live camera images and 3D-models are generated and used to determine the location and(More)
Mice homozygous for the recessive allelic mutation motheaten (me) or viable motheaten (mev) on chromosome 6 develop severe defects in hematopoiesis. In this paper we present the findings that the me and mev mutations are within the hematopoietic cell protein-tyrosine phosphatase (Hcph) gene. High resolution mapping localized me to an area tightly linked to(More)
The segment polarity gene dishevelled (dsh) of Drosophila is required for pattern formation of the embryonic segments and the adult imaginal discs. dsh encodes the earliest-acting and most specific known component of the signal transduction pathway of Wingless, an extracellular signal homologous to Wnt1 in mice. We have previously described the isolation(More)
Mutations at the steel locus (Sl) of the mouse affect the same cellular targets as mutations at the white spotting locus (W), which is allelic with the c-kit proto-oncogene. We show that KL, a hematopoietic growth factor obtained from conditioned medium of BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts that stimulates the proliferation of mast cells and early erythroid(More)
Two intraflagellar transport (IFT) complexes, IFT-A and IFT-B, build and maintain primary cilia and are required for activity of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway. A weak allele of the IFT-A gene, Ift144, caused subtle defects in cilia structure and ectopic activation of the Shh pathway. In contrast, strong loss of IFT-A, caused by either absence of Ift144(More)