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Laboratory experiments were conducted with Daphnia magna and Hyalella sp. grown on a single food source of known isotopic composition at a range of temperatures spanning the physiological optima for each species. Daphnia raised at 26.5 degrees C were enriched in delta(13)C and delta(15)N by 3.1 and 2.8 per thousand, respectively, relative to diet. Daphnia(More)
This paper presents an efficient, effective algorithm for decomposing a polynomial <italic>f(x)</italic> into an irreducible representation of the form <italic>f(x) &equil; g<subscrpt>1</subscrpt>(g<subscrpt>2</subscrpt>( ... g<subscrpt>n</subscrpt>(x) ... ))</italic>. This decomposition is used as an aid in solving high degree metacyclic equations in(More)
Dreissenid mussels are notorious invasive organisms whose establishment is associated with large, ecosystem-scale changes to patterns of productivity in aquatic systems. We investigated how localized impacts of dreissenids affect the potential of littoral substrates to support primary and secondary production using in situ incubations and comparisons of(More)
We investigated how establishment of invasive dreissenid mussels impacted the structure and energy sources of the littoral benthic food web of a large temperate lake. We combined information about pre- and postdreissenid abundance, biomass, and secondary production of the littoral benthos with results of carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of(More)
Note: Affiliations are listed for identification purposes only. OVERVIEW There is widespread agreement that the Great Lakes presently are exhibiting symptoms of extreme stress from a combination of sources that include toxic contaminants, invasive species, nutrient loading, shoreline and upland land use changes, and hydrologic modifications. Many of these(More)
Two adjacent bays in a large oligotrophic lake (Georgian Bay, Lake Huron) were compared to determine how the inputs from relatively pristine, but moderately humic, tributaries may influence phytoplankton, nutrients and system metabolism. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations decreased from 4 to 5 gC m−3 at inner sites to 2 gC m−3 or less at outer(More)
In this study, we assessed the acute and chronic toxicity of sediments contaminated by bleached kraft pulp mill effluent (BKME). Sediments were collected in August 1991 and 1992, and May 1993 from eight stations exposed directly to the effluent and from four reference sites.Acute toxicity was determined for five macroinvertebrates (Hyalella azteca, Daphnia(More)
Samples of benthic invertebrates from four pairs of streams in southwestern Ontario collected monthly from May through August 1991, and once during the subsequent autumn and winter, demonstrated that conservation tillage practices have a remedial effect on the water quality of adjacent streams as indicated by biotic, rather than physical or chemical,(More)
The Yamaska River drainage basin in Quebec, Canada, is intensively farmed and heavily polluted with poorly treated domestic and industrial wastes. We investigated the responses of the resident and colonizing components of the benthic macroinvertebrate community to municipal/industrial versus agricultural pollution in the basin, and evaluated the(More)