David Putnam

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The goals of this study were as follows: 1) to evaluate the efficacy of different polyethylenimine (PEI) structures for siRNA delivery in a model system, and 2) to determine the biophysical and structural characteristics of PEI that relate to siRNA delivery. Biophysical characterization (effective diameter and zeta potential), cytotoxicities, relative(More)
Twenty-six consecutive patients in hypovolemic shock were randomized to fluid challenge with 5% albumin (A), 6% hetastarch (H), or 0.9% saline (S) solutions. Fluid challenge consisted of 250 ml of test fluid every 15 min until the pulmonary artery wedge pressure (WP) reached 15 mm Hg. Thereafter, WP was maintained at 15 mm Hg for an additional 24 h with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of naratriptan 1-mg and 2.5-mg tablets twice daily compared with placebo as short-term prophylaxis of menstrually associated migraine. BACKGROUND Approximately 60% of women with migraine report headaches associated with their menstrual cycles. Results from an open-label study suggest that short-term administration of(More)
A number of human diseases stem from defective genes. One approach to treating such diseases is to replace, or override, the defective genes with normal genes, an approach called 'gene therapy'. However, the introduction of correctly functioning DNA into cells is a non-trivial matter, and cells must be coaxed to internalize, and then use, the DNA in the(More)
Genetic vaccination using plasmid DNA presents a unique opportunity for achieving potent immune responses without the potential limitations of many conventional vaccines. Here we report the design of synthetic biodegradable polymers specifically for enhancing DNA vaccine efficacy in vivo. We molecularly engineered poly(ortho ester) microspheres that are(More)
Three combinatorial libraries of polymeric vectors were evaluated to investigate the functional roles of molecular weight (MW), cations, pH-sensitive moieties, and hydrophobic derivitization in polymer-mediated gene delivery. Four cationic and pH-sensitive moieties (imidazole, primary, secondary, and tertiary amino) and three hydrophobic residues (C4 butyl,(More)
We have engineered bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) with dramatically enhanced functionality by fusing several heterologous proteins to the vesicle-associated toxin ClyA of Escherichia coli. Similar to native unfused ClyA, chimeric ClyA fusion proteins were found localized in bacterial OMVs and retained activity of the fusion partners, demonstrating(More)
Choline and monensin may be supplemented during the transition period with the objectives of aiding in fat metabolism and improving energy balance, respectively. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of supplementing rumen-protected choline (RPC) and monensin in a controlled-release capsule (CRC) on metabolism, dry matter intake, milk(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of sumatriptan, 50-mg and 100-mg tablets, compared with placebo for treatment of migraine at the first sign of pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two identical multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-attack studies were conducted from May through November 2000 in adults (aged 18-65(More)
The identification of biomaterials that induce optimal gene expression patterns and allow for appropriate levels of cellular attachment is of central importance in tissue engineering and cell therapy. Herein, we describe the creation of cell-compatible, biomaterial microarrays, that allow rapid, microscale testing of biomaterial interactions with cells. As(More)