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CONTEXT Obesity is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. The body mass index (BMI) is the standard measure of overweight and obesity. However, more recently, waist to hip ratio (WHR) or waist circumference (WC) as more sensitive measures for visceral obesity have been proposed to be more indicative of cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE This(More)
OBJECTIVES DETECT is an epidemiological study in primary care to examine (a) the prevalence rates and comorbidity of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and coronary heart disease (CHD), and associated conditions; (b) the frequency of behavioural and clinical risk factors for onset and progression; (c) the 12-month course and outcome; and (d)(More)
AIMS The non-benzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem and zopiclone, which are indicated for short-term treatment of insomnia, were considered originally by physicians as almost devoid of abuse and dependence potential. Several recent publications, however, have suggested that both agents carry a significant risk of abuse. To substantiate and re-evaluate this(More)
OBJECTIVE To report: (1) on the background, design and methods of the Hypertension and Diabetes Risk Screening and Awareness (HYDRA) study, (2) on the point prevalence of hypertension in primary care and (3) on the proportion of treated, controlled, and uncontrolled hypertension. DESIGN Cross-sectional point prevalence study. SETTING Representative(More)
We aimed to obtain reliable data on the epidemiology, co-morbidities and risk factor profile of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in general medical practise. In the cross-sectional part of the observational German Epidemiological Trial on Ankle Brachial Index (getABI study), 344 general practitioners throughout Germany determined the ABI of consecutive,(More)
BACKGROUND Although the relationship between body weight and blood pressure (BP) is well established, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of obesity on the prevalence of hypertension in primary care practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and the diagnosis, treatment status, and control rates of(More)
BACKGROUND Current data on the management of patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after an acute hospital stay due to ST-segment elevation or non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (STE-ACS or NSTE-ACS) are limited. We aimed to describe patient characteristics, risk factor management, and lipid target achievement of patients in CR in Germany(More)
AIMS We aimed to document the drug management of patients at high cardiovascular risk in daily practice, with the special focus on lipid-lowering treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective noninterventional study in 2387 outpatient centers throughout Germany, a total of 13,942 high-risk patients (mean age 65.7 years, 61.6% males) were treated with(More)
AIMS Disease management programs (DMP) for diabetes mellitus (DM) or coronary heart disease (CHD) address the treatment of lipid disorders. The current registry aimed to compare drug utilization, lipid lowering effects and further outcomes of outpatients at high cardiovascular risk in DMP for DM or CHD compared to patients in routine care (no-DMP). (More)
CONTEXT To date, it is unclear which measure of obesity is the most appropriate for risk stratification. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to compare the associations of various measures of obesity with incident cardiovascular events and mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING We analyzed two German cohort studies, the DETECT study and SHIP, including primary(More)