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In the treatment of hypertension, physicians’ attitudes and practice patterns are receiving increased attention as contributors to poor blood pressure (BP) control. Thus, current use of antihypertensive drugs in primary care was analyzed and the association with selected physician and patient characteristics was assessed. The Hypertension and Diabetes Risk(More)
CONTEXT Obesity is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. The body mass index (BMI) is the standard measure of overweight and obesity. However, more recently, waist to hip ratio (WHR) or waist circumference (WC) as more sensitive measures for visceral obesity have been proposed to be more indicative of cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE This(More)
OBJECTIVES DETECT is an epidemiological study in primary care to examine (a) the prevalence rates and comorbidity of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and coronary heart disease (CHD), and associated conditions; (b) the frequency of behavioural and clinical risk factors for onset and progression; (c) the 12-month course and outcome; and (d)(More)
'Depression 2000' is a major epidemiological study conducted in a representative sample of 412 primary care settings (which examined a total of 15,081 unselected patients) in Germany in order to address the current lack of information on the prevalence, recognition and treatment of depression in primary care. The study revealed that depression is a key(More)
OBJECTIVE To report: (1) on the background, design and methods of the Hypertension and Diabetes Risk Screening and Awareness (HYDRA) study, (2) on the point prevalence of hypertension in primary care and (3) on the proportion of treated, controlled, and uncontrolled hypertension. DESIGN Cross-sectional point prevalence study. SETTING Representative(More)
We aimed to obtain reliable data on the epidemiology, co-morbidities and risk factor profile of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in general medical practise. In the cross-sectional part of the observational German Epidemiological Trial on Ankle Brachial Index (getABI study), 344 general practitioners throughout Germany determined the ABI of consecutive,(More)
AIMS The non-benzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem and zopiclone, which are indicated for short-term treatment of insomnia, were considered originally by physicians as almost devoid of abuse and dependence potential. Several recent publications, however, have suggested that both agents carry a significant risk of abuse. To substantiate and re-evaluate this(More)
Endothelin (ET)-1 is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide with pro-inflammatory, mitogenic, and pro-fibrotic properties that is closely involved in both normal renal physiology and pathology. ET-1 exerts a wide variety of biological effects, including constriction of cortical and medullary vessels, mesangial cell contraction, stimulation of extracellular matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE Low testosterone levels in men occur with increasing age and are associated with increased morbidity, particularly metabolic syndrome, and mortality. As the prevalence of hypogonadal testosterone levels has not been assessed in the primary care setting in Europe, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of low testosterone levels in this setting,(More)
In contrast to surveys in cardiologist settings, presentation and management of atrial fibrillation (AF) in primary care patients is less well studied. The prospective ATRIUM (Outpatient Registry Upon Morbidity of Atrial Fibrillation) collected data from patients with AF seen by 730 physicians representing a random sample of all primary care physicians in(More)