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The objective of the present study was to determine whether abnormal epithelial DNA content (aneuploidy) in colonic biopsy specimens from ulcerative colitis (UC) patients correlated with and predicted histological progression to dysplasia. Aneuploidy was absent in 20 low-cancer risk patients. In 81 high-cancer risk patients aneuploidy correlated(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a frequent cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics associated with severe neurological sequelae in a small proportion of cases. There has been a significant increase in EV71 epidemic activity throughout the Asia-Pacific region since 1997. Recent HFMD epidemics in this region have been associated with a severe form of(More)
First isolated in California, USA, in 1969, enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major public health issue across the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. The virus, which is closely related to polioviruses, mostly affects children and causes hand, foot, and mouth disease with neurological and systemic complications. Specific receptors for this virus are found on white(More)
Mammalian TopBP1 is a BRCT domain-containing protein whose function in mitotic cells is linked to replication and DNA damage checkpoint. Here, we study its possible role during meiosis in mice. TopBP1 foci are abundant during early prophase I and localize mainly to histone gamma-H2AX-positive domains, where DNA double-strand breaks (required to initiate(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the 240 bp E/NS1 junction of 81 dengue viruses isolated from cases in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia was determined and used to serotype the viruses. The nucleotide sequences of the complete Envelope (E) genes of 19 isolates were used for a phylogenetic analysis of the dengue viruses circulating in Saudi Arabia from 1994 to 2006. Three of(More)
This study provides a comprehensive overview of the molecular epidemiology of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) in the Asia-Pacific region from 1997 through 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP4 and VP1 genes of recent HEV71 strains indicates that several genogroups of the virus have been circulating in the Asia-Pacific region since 1997. The first of these(More)
During 2005, 764 children were brought to a large children's hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, with a diagnosis of hand, foot, and mouth disease. All enrolled children had specimens (vesicle fluid, stool, throat swab) collected for enterovirus isolation by cell culture. An enterovirus was isolated from 411 (53.8%) of the specimens: 173 (42.1%) isolates(More)
BACKGROUND A major outbreak of human enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot and mouth disease in Sarawak in 1997 marked the beginning of a series of outbreaks in the Asia Pacific region. Some of these outbreaks had unusually high numbers of fatalities and this generated much fear and anxiety in the region. METHODS We established a sentinel surveillance(More)
BACKGROUND Human enterovirus (HEV)-71 causes large outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease with central nervous system (CNS) complications, but the role of HEV-71 genogroups or dual infection with other viruses in causing severe disease is unclear. METHODS We prospectively studied children with suspected HEV-71 (i.e., hand-foot-and-mouth disease, CNS(More)